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Asymmetrical hybridization: simulations and tests in natural hybrid zone
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och evolution, Zooekologi.
(engelsk)Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Submitted
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95229OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95229DiVA, id: diva2:169362
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-11-24 Laget: 2006-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2009-03-31bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Natural and Sexual Selection in a Natural Hybrid Zone of Ficedula Flycatchers
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Natural and Sexual Selection in a Natural Hybrid Zone of Ficedula Flycatchers
2006 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Speciation can be viewed as the formation of reproductive barriers between different populations. This thesis investigates patterns of natural and sexual selection shaping reproductive barriers between two hybridizing flycatchers (i.e. collared – and pied flycatchers). Behaviorally driven sexual isolation depends on both the availability of conspecific mates and on discrimination ability of individuals. My results demonstrate that these two factors may also interact. Discrimination abilities may change in response to the relative frequency of two interbreeding species. The underlying reason appears to be that male pied flycatchers have a song that incorporates more elements of the song characteristics of male collared flycatchers into their own song repertoires when occurring in areas inhabited predominantly by collared flycatchers. I investigated selection pressures acting on hybrids. In migratory species, hybrid fitness might be reduced as a consequence of intermediate suboptimal migration routes (extrinsic post zygotic isolation). Comparison of stable isotope signatures of revealed that parental species have separate wintering grounds, but hybrids appear to winter at the same location as pied flycatchers. A possible dominance effect in the inheritance of migration direction may hence reduce this potential cost. This interpretation is supported by the absence of a reduction in juvenile to adult survival of hybrids. By further comparing male hybrid fitness to that of the parental species, using lifehistory data, I demonstrate that hybrid males experience a moderate reduction in fitness (mainly through a sexually selected disadvantage). Sexual selection acting on male hybrids can play a major role in the speciation process because when the same characters affect assortative mating as well as hybrid fitness, reinforcement of reproductive barriers becomes more likely. Even when reproductive isolation is completed- the fate of newly formed species may be uncertain since they may strongly compete for ecological space. Long-term persistence of ecologically similar, species requires that there are spatial or temporal variation in their relative fitness. The growth of nestling pied flycatchers is less affected by harsh environmental conditions. We suggest that a regional co-existence of the two flycatcher species is due to a lifehistory trade-off between interference competitive ability and robustness to a harsh conditions. Overall, the studies in this thesis reveal the complexity of the interactions between mate choice and competition in shaping sexual signals. Furthermore, it suggests that natural selection is moderate on hybrid males and that sexual selection may have strong implications for the maintenance of species integrity.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2006. s. 32
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 248
Emneord
Biology, postzygotic isolation, prezygotic isolation, asymmetrical isolation, sexual signals, hybrid fitness, co-existence, Biologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7372 (URN)91-554-6744-X (ISBN)
Disputas
2006-12-16, Zootissalen, Zoologen, Villavägen 9, 75236, Uppsala, 13:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-11-24 Laget: 2006-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2011-02-16bibliografisk kontrollert

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