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Primary health care centres with asthma clinics: effects on patients' knowledge and asthma control
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och klinisk epidemiologi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i D län (CKFD). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och klinisk epidemiologi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och klinisk epidemiologi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Allmänmedicin och klinisk epidemiologi.
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2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: Primary Care Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1471-4418, E-ISSN 1475-1534, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 37-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To evaluate outcomes for patients attending primary care centres with and without asthma clinics. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey at 42 primary health care centres randomly selected according to organisation of asthma care, 14 with complete, 14 with incomplete and 14 with no asthma clinic according to national criteria. 1,477 randomly selected patients 15-45 years received two questionnaires. Outcomes were: patients’ knowledge of asthma; asthma control; and quality of life. RESULTS: Patients attending primary health care centres with asthma clinics reported more knowledge of asthma but similar levels of asthma control and quality of life. Patients who reported they had visited the asthma nurse during the last year had more knowledge but similar asthma control and quality of life compared to patients who reported they had not. However, with more time allocated for the nurse, 44% achieved asthma control compared with 27% at asthma clinics with less time (p<0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Having an asthma clinic at a primary health care centre improves asthma patients’ knowledge of the disease, and better asthma control is achieved if the nurse is allocated more time.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2010. Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 37-44
Nyckelord [en]
Primary care, asthma management, clinics, knowledge, outcomes, assessment
Nationell ämneskategori
Lungmedicin och allergi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-97621DOI: 10.4104/pcrj.2009.00043ISI: 000208640600007PubMedID: 19623471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-97621DiVA, id: diva2:172638
Tillgänglig från: 2008-10-17 Skapad: 2008-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14
Ingår i avhandling
1. Organisation of Asthma in Primary Care, Quality of Life and Sex-related Aspects in Asthma Outcomes
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Organisation of Asthma in Primary Care, Quality of Life and Sex-related Aspects in Asthma Outcomes
2008 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate the organisation of asthma care in primary care and evaluate outcomes for patients attending primary care centres with and without asthma clinics.

Other objectives were to study the association between quality of life and asthma control in patients in primary care and to analyse sex differences regarding asthma outcomes related to menopausal status.

Material and methods: Cross-sectional surveys and a patient record study.

Results: Of all the primary health care centres, 77% had a spirometer and 53% an asthma clinic. At centres with asthma clinics 77% of the patients reported sufficient knowledge of asthma as compared with 65% at centres without asthma clinics (p<0.001). With more time allocated for the nurse, 44% of patients achieved asthma control as compared with 27% at asthma clinics with less time (p<0.003). Patients using short-acting beta-2 agonists more than twice in the last week had clinically significant lower MiniAQLQ scores (5.17 versus 5.91). This finding also held for night awakenings during the previous week (4.42 versus 5.86), courses of oral corticosteroids (5.26 versus 5.64) and reported emergency consultations during the last six months (4.85 versus 5.71). Premenopausal women had significantly lower total MiniAQLQ scores than men in the same age group (5.44 versus 5.89, p<0.001), while no difference was found between postmenopausal women and men of similar ages. The adjusted odds for premenopausal women for asthma exacerbations was 2.0 (95%CI 1.22-3.43) as compared with men in the same age group. No differences were found when comparing postmenopausal women with men of similar ages.

Conclusions: Half the primary health care centres had an asthma clinic and the majority had access to a spirometer. Patients at primary health care centres with asthma clinics reported better knowledge of their disease, and asthma control is more often achieved if the nurse is allocated more time. Achieving asthma control is associated with better quality of life in patients in primary care. Premenopausal women had lower quality of life and less often asthma control then men of the same ages, while no corresponding difference was found between postmenopausal women and men of similar ages.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2008. s. 63
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 384
Nyckelord
Asthma, Primary Health Care, Cross-Sectional Studies, Quality of Health Care, Asthma clinic, Spirometer, Asthma management, Knowledge, Outcome Assessment, Control, Symptoms, Quality of Life, Sex, Menopause, Sex Hormones
Nationell ämneskategori
Allmänmedicin
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-9315 (URN)978-91-554-7304-4 (ISBN)
Disputation
2008-11-07, Rudbecksalen, Rudbecklaboratoriet, Science Park, Uppsala, 09:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2008-10-17 Skapad: 2008-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lisspers, KarinStällberg, BjörnHasselgren, MikaelJohansson, GunnarSvärdsudd, Kurt

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