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Kyrkliga kulturarv i en ny tid: Samlade studier och reflektioner
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1490-3249
2023 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study describes and analyses the Swedish ecclesiastical heritage as well as the structures and systems that provide conditions and frameworks for how it is perceived and managed. One purpose is to explain today’s situation concerning the 3,000 historic church buildings and sites protected by national heritage legislation and owned by the Church of Sweden. Furthermore, the study analyses how the approaches, paradigms or discourses, which define that ecclesiastical heritage, have changed over the past two centuries. The study aims to bridge the gaps between antiquarian, art history and conservation discourses, where churches are mainly seen as material historic objects and other discourses that regard churches as living heritage, intangible heritage, or as resources for human rights and sustainable development. The analyses are based on theories such as the concepts of Authorized Heritage Discourse, heritagisation, secularisation, and research methods as discourse analysis and self-reflexivity. The study defines and discusses the Church Antiquarian System, which includes the State-Church agreement, the Historic Environment Act and the State financial compensation. The analyses show that the system is based on a partly outdated conservation approach, with origins in an even older nineteenth-century antiquarian discourse, that is not consistent with the national heritage policy adopted by the Swedish parliament. Thus, it blocks a necessary development where many redundant churches could be revitalised as resources for society. The current approach, as well as the Church’s use of its heritage and history, contribute to a deliberately created positive image, avoiding dark or controversial heritage that illustrates abuse of groups of people such as “witches” in the seventeenth century. To achieve the desired development towards a holistic and inclusive approach to ecclesiastical heritage, several recommendations are given. These include identification of heritage discourses in heritage practices and policies, tolerance of many existing heritage approaches, a review and update of the Church Antiquarian System, and finally the need for developing the competence of heritage officers in the adapted reuse of heritage as a resource for sustainable societal development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2023. , p. 156
Series
Uppsala Studies in Conservation, ISSN 2004-6022, E-ISSN 2004-6014 ; 1
Keywords [en]
art history, cultural heritage, church buildings, ecclesiastical heritage, Church of Sweden, heritage legislation, Authorized Heritage Discourse, discourse analysis, reflexivity, living heritage, redundancy, secularisation, sustainable development
Keywords [sv]
konstvetenskap, kulturarv, kyrkobyggnader, kyrkligt kulturarv, Svenska kyrkan, kulturmiljölagen, auktoriserad kulturarvsdiskurs, diskursanalys, reflexivitet, levande kulturarv, övertalighet, sekularisering, hållbar utveckling
National Category
Art History
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-495174ISBN: 978-91-513-1700-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-495174DiVA, id: diva2:1730534
Public defence
2023-03-17, Sal IX, Universitetshuset, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-02-23 Created: 2023-01-24 Last updated: 2023-09-13
List of papers
1. Bergslagens träkyrkobyggande: En regional studie
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bergslagens träkyrkobyggande: En regional studie
2000 (Swedish)In: Kyrka af träd: Kyrkobyggande under 1600- och 1700-talen i Finland, Norge och Sverige / [ed] Ingrid Sjöström, Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet, 2000, p. 206-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet, 2000
Keywords
Arkitektur, kyrkobyggnader, träkyrkor, Bergslagen, restaureringar, plantyper
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-495125 (URN)9172091886 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-24 Created: 2023-01-24 Last updated: 2023-01-24
2. Auktoriserade kyrkliga kulturvärden: analys av en utvärdering av kyrkokaraktäriseringar utförd 2007–2010
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Auktoriserade kyrkliga kulturvärden: analys av en utvärdering av kyrkokaraktäriseringar utförd 2007–2010
2021 (Swedish)In: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, E-ISSN 2002-3812, Vol. 81, p. 27-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Authorized Ecclesiastical Cultural Heritage Values: Analysis of an evaluation of values assessments of churches performed 2007–2010This study, based on my evaluation of cultural historic characterizations of churches conducted for the Church of Sweden 2007–2010, analyses and discusses questions and perceptions on cultural heritage values. The model for characterizations, developed by the Swedish National Heritage Board in 2002, was followed by most performers, who generally were building conservation officers at regional museums. In the evaluation project, I found that the characterizations were performed with lacking participation from the parishes, were of uneven quality and that values based on intangible heritage were rarely noticed. The reactions that followed the recommendations of the project were mainly based on the opinions that the reports were too theoretical, that the experts would be deprived of their expert roles and that it, since the characterizations were already finalized, was too late to develop a new method. The project and the reactions are analysed using critical discourse analysis, based on the theory of Authorized Heritage Discourse (AHD). I conclude that different heritage discourses were colliding and that the debate was expressing a struggle for the power to interpret and manage cultural heritage values. A final reflection is that important historical events in churches, such as the 1670s witch trial in the parish of Torsåker, risk being neglected due to the AHDs focus on material-based values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Föreningen Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, 2021
Keywords
Kyrkligt kulturarv, kulturhistoriska karakteriseringar, kulturarvsdiskurs, diskursanalys, immateriella värden, häxprocesser
National Category
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-478150 (URN)
Funder
Berit Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2022-06-21 Created: 2022-06-21 Last updated: 2023-06-22Bibliographically approved
3. Delat ansvar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Delat ansvar
2017 (Swedish)In: Alla dessa kyrkor: Kulturvård, religion och politik / [ed] Magdalena Hillström, Eva Löfgren & Ola Wetterberg, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2017, p. 183-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2017
Keywords
Svenska kyrkan, kyrkor, kulturarv, kulturhistoriska värden, delaktighet
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
Conservation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-495092 (URN)978-91-88101-06-8 (ISBN)978-91-88101-07-5 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish National Heritage BoardSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2023-01-24 Created: 2023-01-24 Last updated: 2023-01-24
4. Ecclesiastical Heritage as a Human Right
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ecclesiastical Heritage as a Human Right
2021 (English)In: Transcultural Diplomacy and InternationalLaw in Heritage Conservation: A Dialogue between Ethics, Law, and Culture / [ed] Olimpia Niglio & Eric Yong Joong Lee, Singapore: Springer Nature, 2021, p. 63-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In several documents, the Church of Sweden has expressed that participation in the Church’s cultural heritage is a common right. According to the Church of Sweden’s cultural heritage goals, “the ecclesiastical cultural heritage belongs to all”. In the Church’s report to the government 2014, this is expressed as “Everyone who lives in Sweden is entitled to the history previous generations have created” and “access to the ecclesiastical cultural heritage is a right”. The article discusses what this “right” means and on what grounds it is based. It investigates the right to participate in ecclesiastical heritage on the basis of common cultural rights, according to international conventions and, more specifically, on the basis of rights to the ecclesiastical heritage according to national cultural policies. The article states that not only demolition but also closure, privatization, or otherwise inaccessibility of common and public ecclesiastical heritage may mean that people’s rights are not fulfilled and therefore neither conventions nor legislation are followed. Finally, it also discusses the right to assess ecclesiastical heritage values and the development of methods to increase participation in this work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: Springer Nature, 2021
Keywords
Church of Sweden, cultural heritage, ecclesiastical heritage, cultural rights, participation
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
History of Art
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-495077 (URN)10.1007/978-981-16-0309-9_5 (DOI)978-981-16-0308-2 (ISBN)978-981-16-0311-2 (ISBN)978-981-16-0309-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-01-24 Created: 2023-01-24 Last updated: 2023-07-04Bibliographically approved
5. Europas religiösa byggnader i förändring
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Europas religiösa byggnader i förändring
2017 (Swedish)In: Alla dessa kyrkor: Kulturvård, religion och politik / [ed] Magdalena Hillström, Eva Löfgren & Ola Wetterberg, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2017, p. 17-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2017
Keywords
Religösa byggnader, kyrkor, kulturarv, kulturvård, kulturarvsförvaltning, övertalighet
National Category
Architecture
Research subject
Conservation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-495098 (URN)978-91-88101-06-8 (ISBN)978-91-88101-07-5 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish National Heritage BoardSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2023-01-24 Created: 2023-01-24 Last updated: 2023-01-24
6. Caroli Church: A Resource for Urban Regeneration?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Caroli Church: A Resource for Urban Regeneration?
2022 (English)In: EdA esempi di archittura, ISSN 2384-9576, Vol. 9, no 1-2, p. 73-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rom: Aracne editrice, 2022
National Category
Architecture Art History Cultural Studies
Research subject
History of Art; Conservation (HGO)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-459657 (URN)
Funder
Berit Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2022-01-07 Created: 2022-01-07 Last updated: 2023-01-24Bibliographically approved

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