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Introducing Software Sustainability Demands into Large Organisational Procurement Processes
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Management.
2023 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

As the ICT sector saw exponential growth over the last few decades, so too did the greenhouse gas emissions caused by it, to the point where the ICT sector is at least as big, if not bigger, than the airline industry. Previous research in this field has circled around methodologies for performing life cycle assessment of ICT software products, but has not put it in an organisational context which has lead to no agreed upon way of calculating and comparing sustainable software. This study analyses existing research in the field and through a thematic analysis of qualitative interviews and a case study of Scania CV AB in Södertälje, Sweden puts it into a procurement context, focusing on key metrics and comparability over exhaustiveness. This study found that by assessing ICT software products through four different phases, or scopes, a level of accuracy suitable for large organisations are achieved. Key metrics for organisational procurement processes to take into account are those of the hosting phase, such as geographical location, source of electricity and data centre effectiveness. By putting software life cycle assessments into a business context, this study helps make ICT sustainability research more readily available to people working with ICT product procurement and makes a contribution to the interdisciplinary research in the fields of technology, business and sustainability.

Abstract [sv]

Allt eftersom ICT-sektorn sett exponentiell tillväxt över de senaste årtiondena har också sektorns utsläpp av växthusgaser ökat, till den grad att sektorn står för minst lika mycket, om inte mer, utsläpp av växthusgaser jämfört med flygindustrin. Tidigare forskning i detta fält har kretsat kring metodiker för att genomföra livscykelanalyser av mjukvara, men har inte satt resultaten i en affärsmässig kontext vilket lett till oenighet kring vilka metodiker som passar bäst för beräkning och jämförelse av hållbar mjukvara. Denna forskningsstudie analyserar existerande forskning och sätter den i ett inköpssammanhang genom en serie kvalitativa intervjuer med tematisk analys samt en fallstudie av Scania CV AB i Södertälje. Denna studie fann att genom att jämföra IT-mjukvara i form av fyra olika faser, eller omfattningar, nås en tillräcklig nivå av nogrannhet för att användas i stora organisationer. Nyckelvärden för organisatoriska inköpsprocesser att ta hänsyn till är de i datacentersfasen, så som geografisk plats, energikälla och datacentereffektivitet. Genom att sätta mjukvarulivscykelanalyser i ett affärssammanhang bidrar denna studie till att göra hållbarhetsforskning för sektorn mer tillgänglig till människor som jobbar med ICT-inköp och gör ett bidrag till den interdisciplinära forskningen i fälten teknik, affärsstudier och hållbarhet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 71
Series
UPTEC IT, ISSN 1401-5749 ; 23026
Keywords [en]
Transport sector, intrapreneurship, case study, sustainability, greenhouse gas emissions, thematic analysis
Keywords [sv]
transportsektor, intraprenörskap, teknikbaserad affärsutveckling, fallstudie, hållbarhet, växthusgasutsläpp, tematisk analys
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-513587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-513587DiVA, id: diva2:1803269
External cooperation
Scania CV AB
Subject / course
Human-Computer Interaction
Educational program
Master of Science Programme in Information Technology Engineering
Presentation
2023-08-28, 4006, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, 752 37, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-12-05 Created: 2023-10-09 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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Output format
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