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TGFβ1, SMAD2, CTNNβ1, and Wnt3a gene mutational status and serum concentrations in individuals with non-small cell lung cancer
University of Sulaimani.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8597-874x
2023 (English)In: Cellular and Molecular Biology, ISSN 0145-5680, E-ISSN 1165-158X, Vol. 69, no 11, p. 81-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the current investigation was to investigate the diagnostic utility of the serum concentrations and mutational status of TGFβ1, SMAD2, CTNNβ1, and Wnt3a. and the expression levels of human-rela-ted genes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The serum concentrations were determined using the ELISA technique, and PCR for genotype variations of TGFβ1, SMAD2, CTNNβ1, and Wnt3a were examined using Sanger sequencing in tissue samples obtained from 93 patients with NSCLC and 84 healthy individuals for blood, and 20 Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) from normal samples dissected adja-cent to the tumour. The findings of the current investigation indicate that individuals diagnosed with NSCLC exhibited significant elevation in the serum levels of CEA and CYFRA21-1, as well as TGFβ1, SMAD2, CTNNβ1, and Wnt3a. In total, 325 mutations in four trialled genes (243 mutations in TGFβ1, 24 mutations in SMAD2,47 mutation Wnt3a and 11 mutations in CTNNβ1) were identified in patients with NSCLC. Fur-thermore, all mutations were recorded in adenocarcinoma, not squamous and normal adjacent tumour cells. CYFRA21-1 and CEA are more significant between NSCLC and HC, gender, and NSCLC types (p<0.001). In detail, TGFβ1 exhibited the highest rate of mutations among other genes and three types of genomic mutations. Elevated levels and genetic polymorphisms of TGFβ1, SMAD2, CTNNβ1, and Wnt3a may play crucial func-tions in the pathogenesis and angiogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These biomarkers might play a role in future immunologic response and pharmacologically targeted NSCLC therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CMB Association , 2023. Vol. 69, no 11, p. 81-91
Keywords [en]
Lung cancer, NSCLC, Immune system, TGFβ1/SMAD2, CTNNβ1/ Wnt3a, CEA, CYFRA21-1
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy Cancer and Oncology
Research subject
Clinical Immunology; Lung Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-517731DOI: 10.14715/cmb/2023.69.11.14ISI: 001117481600011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-517731DiVA, id: diva2:1818774
Available from: 2023-12-12 Created: 2023-12-12 Last updated: 2024-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Amin, Kawa

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