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Proteomic Characterization of Induced Developmental Neurotoxicity
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The developing brain goes through a number of developmental periods during which it displays an increased sensitivity to exogenous disturbances. On such period is the so called “Brain growth spurt” (BGS) which in humans takes place starting from the third trimester of pregnancy and throughout the first few years of life. The corresponding period in rats and mice is the first postnatal weeks. Exposure to relatively modest concentrations of the brominated flame retardant PBDE-99 during the second week of life in mice causes a more or less permanent impairment in the ability of the animals to adjust properly to environmental changes at adulthood. This “late response on early exposure” reflects the long-term consequences of disrupting the developing brain during a sensitive time period.

The cellular mechanisms underlying the behavioral effects are far from clear. To address the initial damage occurring around the time of exposure, the approach used in this thesis is to use proteomics to analyze the effects of PBDE-99 on protein expression soon (24 hours) after exposure of the neonatal mouse on postnatal day (PND) 10.The thesis comprises the effects on the proteome in three distinct brain parts: cerebral cortex, striatum and the hippocampus. In addition, an in vitro model was developed and used to evaluate the PBDE-99 effects on cultured cerebral cortex cells from embryonic rat brains.

Gel-based proteomics (2D-DIGE) coupled to MALDI- or ESI-MS has been used throughout for the proteomics experiments, but other techniques aimed at analyzing both proteins and mRNA have also been used to better characterize the effects.

Even if the protein complements expressed by the different brain parts and separated with 2D-DIGE are seemingly similar, the effects are apparently specific for the different brain regions. In hippocampus, PBDE induces effects on proteins involved in metabolism and energy production, while the effects in striatum point towards effects on neuroplasticity.

PBDE-99 changes the expression of cytoskeletal proteins in the cerebral cortex 24 hours after exposure. Interestingly, in vitro exposure of cerebral cortex cells to a PBDE-99 concentration in the same order of magnitude as in the in vivo neonatal brain also induces cytoskeletal effects, in the absence of cytotoxicity. This may suggest effects on regulatory aspects of cytoskeletal dynamics such as those involved in neurite sprouting.

This thesis also addresses the problems involved in presenting proteomics data. Many of the available methods and approaches for presenting transcriptomics data are not suitable for isoform rich protein data. Modifications of existing methods and the development of a new approach (DEPPS) is also presented. Most importantly, the thesis presents the application and usefulness of proteomics as hypothesis generating techniques in neurotoxicology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2009. , p. 82
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 99
Keywords [en]
Proteomics, Brain Development, Neurotoxicity, 2D-DIGE, Brain Growth Spurt, Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether, Neonatal, Striatum, Hippocampus, Cerebral Cortex, Parkinsonism, Dyskinesia
National Category
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Research subject
Toxicology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-99652ISBN: 978-91-554-7528-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-99652DiVA, id: diva2:212103
Public defence
2009-06-03, B21, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, BMC, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-05-13 Created: 2009-03-18 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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