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Simultaneous detection of Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae by use of molecular beacons in a duplex real-time PCR
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Virology.
2008 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, ISSN 0095-1137, E-ISSN 1098-660X, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 727-31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A real-time PCR was designed for detection of Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae such that each pathogen could be detected in a single tube and differentiated using molecular beacons marked with different fluorochromes. This duplex PCR, targeting the P1 adhesion gene for M. pneumoniae and the ompA gene for C. pneumoniae, was compared with two conventional PCR assays targeting the 16S rRNA gene and the ompA gene. A total of 120 clinical throat and nasopharyngeal swab samples were tested. DNA extraction was performed using an alkali denaturation/neutralization method, and real-time amplification, detection, and data analysis were performed using a Rotor-Gene 2000 real-time rotary analyzer (Corbett Life Science, Sydney, Australia). Using conventional PCR as a reference in an analysis of 120 samples, 13 of 14 samples positive for C. pneumoniae were detected by the novel real-time PCR. In an analysis of M. pneumoniae, 22 samples were positive in the conventional PCR and the novel assay detected 24 positive samples. When using the conventional PCR as a reference, sensitivity and specificity were 93% and 100%, respectively, for C. pneumoniae and 100% and 98%, respectively, for M. pneumoniae. With an overall agreement of 98.8%, this suggests that performance of the new duplex real-time PCR is comparable to that of conventional PCR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 46, no 2, p. 727-31
Keywords [en]
Chlamydophila pneumoniae
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-103950DOI: 10.1128/JCM.01540-07ISI: 000253100300047PubMedID: 18094125OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-103950DiVA, id: diva2:219074
Available from: 2009-05-26 Created: 2009-05-26 Last updated: 2019-04-06
In thesis
1. Molecular detection and epidemiological studies of atypical bacteria causing respiratory tract infections
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Molecular detection and epidemiological studies of atypical bacteria causing respiratory tract infections
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Respiratory infections are common causes of morbidity and mortality. Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Bordetella pertussis cause respiratory infection, often with similar symptoms. Molecular diagnostic methods are preferred since these bacteria are difficult to culture. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate and improve the diagnostics and knowledge of the epidemiology of these bacteria.

A real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method targeting the IS481 element present in the genome of B. pertussis was compared to culture and serology results, and a duplex real-time PCR method was constructed for detecting C. pneumoniae and M. pneumoniae, which was compared to two endpoint PCR methods. Both real-time PCR methods showed high sensitivity and specificity.

Typing of 624 M. pneumoniae samples, collected from 1996 to 2017 from four counties, was performed by P1 typing and multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). A polyclonal distribution of strains was seen over all epidemic periods, but strains of P1 type 2/variant 2 and MLVA types 3-5-6-2 and 4-5-7-2 predominated in 2010−2013. A shift from type 2 strains to different variant 2 strains was seen and a new variant, 2e, was detected in 2016−2017. An A2063G mutation associated with macrolide resistance was detected by a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) PCR method in one (0.16%) of 608 M. pneumoniae strains.

Molecular characterisation using whole-genome sequencing of 93 B. pertussis isolates, collected between 1986 and 2016 from three counties showed that there were polyclonal strains in the county of Dalarna, Gävleborg and Uppsala in the years 2014−2016. Changes in virulence-related genes were detected: a shift from isolates harbouring the ptxP3 allele in favour of ptxP1 was seen, and almost all isolates had a disrupted prn gene. No detection of macrolide resistance in B. pertussis was detected.

In conclusion, the validated real-time PCR methods for detection of B. pertussis, C. pneumoniae and M. pneumoniae have led to improved diagnostic methods for use in clinical laboratories. The molecular characterisation of M. pneumoniae and B. pertussis strains has contributed to the wider understanding of the genetic changes that has occurred over the epidemic periods, but further studies is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. p. 63
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1564
Keywords
Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Bordetella pertussis, real-time PCR, P1 typing, MLVA, whole-genome sequencing, macrolide resistance, molecular diagnostics, molecular epidemiology
National Category
Infectious Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-381158 (URN)978-91-513-0632-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-05-29, Rudbeckssalen, Rudbeckslaboratoriet, Dag Hammarskjölds v 20, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-04-06 Last updated: 2019-06-17

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