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Comparative renal, hepatic, and bone marrow toxicity of Cisplatin and radioactive Cisplatin (191Pt) in Wistar rats
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för farmaceutisk biovetenskap, Avdelningen för farmakokinetik och läkemedelsterapi. (Hammarlund-Udenaes)
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2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals, ISSN 1084-9785, E-ISSN 1557-8852, Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 528-534Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to investigate the possibility to increase the therapeutic gain of the cytotoxic agent, cisplatin, by incorporation of radioactive platinum. In this study, we investigated how organs at risk (i.e., kidneys, bone marrow, and liver) are affected by treatment with 191Pt-cisplatin, compared to treatment with conventional cisplatin. Rats (total, n = 69) were divided into three groups and given 5 mg/kg 191Pt-cisplatin and 5 mg/kg nonradioactive cisplatin or saline. The weight of the animals and blood samples, including analysis of creatinine, bilirubin, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases and platelet count, was followed for 6 weeks after treatment. Histopathology examinations of kidney and liver tissues were performed. An initial decrease in weight gain was seen from 3 days after treatment with cisplatin and 191Pt-cisplatin and for 1 week onward; thereafter, the weight gain continued, following the same pattern as for the control group. Concentration of plasma creatinine was increased for both cisplatin groups but with no significant difference between treatment groups. No other significant differences in effect parameters were found. There was no increase in toxicity for radioactive cisplatin on liver, kidneys, and bone marrow, compared to conventional cisplatin. Further experimental and clinical studies on preparations of this type are thus warranted.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2006. Vol. 21, nr 5, s. 528-534
Nyckelord [en]
cisplatin, radioactive cisplatin, Pt-191, toxicity
Nationell ämneskategori
Farmaceutiska vetenskaper Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-104704DOI: 10.1089/cbr.2006.21.528ISI: 000241936600011PubMedID: 17105425OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-104704DiVA, id: diva2:220067
Tillgänglig från: 2009-05-29 Skapad: 2009-05-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals
Farmaceutiska vetenskaperMedicin och hälsovetenskap

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