uu.seUppsala universitets publikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A multilocus assay reveals high nucleotide diversity and limited differentiation among Scandinavian willow grouse (Lagopus lagopus)
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för evolution, genomik och systematik, Evolutionsbiologi.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och evolution, Populationsbiologi och naturvårdsbiologi.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och evolution, Populationsbiologi och naturvårdsbiologi.
2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: BMC Genetics, ISSN 1471-2156, E-ISSN 1471-2156, Vol. 9, s. 89-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: There is so far very little data on autosomal nucleotide diversity in birds, except for data from the domesticated chicken and some passerines species. Estimates of nucleotide diversity reported so far in birds have been high (similar to 10(-3)) and a likely explanation for this is the generally higher effective population sizes compared to mammals. In this study, the level of nucleotide diversity has been examined in the willow grouse, a non-domesticated bird species from the order Galliformes, which also holds the chicken. The willow grouse (Lagopus lagopus) has an almost circumpolar distribution but is absent from Greenland and the north Atlantic islands. It primarily inhabits tundra, forest edge habitats and sub-alpine vegetation. Willow grouse are hunted throughout its range, and regionally it is a game bird of great cultural and economical importance.

Results: We sequenced 18 autosomal protein coding loci from approximately 15-18 individuals per population. We found a total of 127 SNP's, which corresponds to 1 SNP every 51 bp. 26 SNP's were amino acid replacement substitutions. Total nucleotide diversity (pi(t)) was between 1.30 x 10(-4) and 7.66 x 10(-3) (average pi(t) = 2.72 x 10(-3) +/- 2.06 x 10(-3)) and silent nucleotide diversity varied between 4.20 x 10(-4) and 2.76 x 10(-2) (average pi(S) = 9.22 x 10(-3) +/- 7.43 x 10(-4)). The synonymous diversity is approximately 20 times higher than in humans and two times higher than in chicken. Non-synonymous diversity was on average 18 times lower than the synonymous diversity and varied between 0 and 4.90 x 10(-3) (average pi(a) = 5.08 x 10(-4) +/- 7.43 x 10(3)), which suggest that purifying selection is strong in these genes. F-ST values based on synonymous SNP's varied between -5.60 x 10(-4) and 0.20 among loci and revealed low levels of differentiation among the four localities, with an overall value of F-ST = 0.03 (95% CI: 0.006 -0.057) over 60 unlinked loci. Non-synonymous SNP's gave similar results. Low levels of linkage disequilibrium were observed within genes, with an average r(2) = 0.084 +/- 0.110, which is expected for a large outbred population with no population differentiation. The mean per site per generation recombination parameter (rho) was comparably high (0.028 +/- 0.018), indicating high recombination rates in these genes.

Conclusion: We found unusually high levels of nucleotide diversity in the Scandinavian willow grouse as well as very little population structure among localities with up to 1647 km distance. There are also low levels of linkage disequilibrium within the genes and the population recombination rate is high, which is indicative of an old panmictic population, where recombination has had time to break up any haplotype blocks. The non-synonymous nucleotide diversity is low compared with the silent, which is in agreement with effective purifying selection, possibly due to the large effective population size.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2008. Vol. 9, s. 89-
Nationell ämneskategori
Biologiska vetenskaper
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-106433DOI: 10.1186/1471-2156-9-89ISI: 000263086700001PubMedID: 19099558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-106433DiVA, id: diva2:224908
Tillgänglig från: 2009-06-23 Skapad: 2009-06-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed
Av organisationen
EvolutionsbiologiPopulationsbiologi och naturvårdsbiologi
I samma tidskrift
BMC Genetics
Biologiska vetenskaper

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 675 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf