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Wave energy converter with enhanced amplitude response at frequencies coinciding with Swedish west coast sea states by use of a supplementary submerged body
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Elektricitetslära.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Elektricitetslära.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Elektricitetslära.
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 106, nr 6, artikel-id 064512Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The full-scale direct-driven wave energy converter developed at Uppsala University has been in offshore operation at the Swedish west coast since 2006. Earlier simulations have now been validated by full-scale experiment with good agreement. Based on that, a theoretical model for a passive system having optimum amplitude response at frequencies coinciding with Swedish west coast conditions has been developed. The amplitude response is increased by adding supplementary inertia by use of the additional mass from a submerged body. A sphere with neutral buoyancy is chosen as the submerged body and modeled as being below the motion of the waves. The model is based on potential linear wave theory and the power capture ratio is studied for real ocean wave data collected at the research test site. It is found that the power capture ratio for the two body system can be increased from 30% to 60% compared to a single body system. Increased velocity in the system also decreases the value for optimal load damping from the generator, opening up the possibility to design smaller units.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
USA: American Institute of Physics , 2009. Vol. 106, nr 6, artikel-id 064512
Nyckelord [en]
data acquisition, ocean waves
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113142DOI: 10.1063/1.3233656ISI: 000270378100147ISBN: 0021-8979 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113142DiVA, id: diva2:289898
Anmärkning

10907471 Wave Energy Converter enhanced amplitude response Swedish west coast sea states supplementary submerged body Uppsala University offshore operation passive system optimum amplitude response neutral buoyancy waves motion potential linear wave theory power capture ratio ocean wave data collection research test site Two Body System single body system

Tillgänglig från: 2010-01-25 Skapad: 2010-01-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Hydrodynamic Modelling for a Point Absorbing Wave Energy Converter
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Hydrodynamic Modelling for a Point Absorbing Wave Energy Converter
2011 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Surface gravity waves in the world’s oceans contain a renewable source of free power on the order of terawatts that has to this date not been commercially utilized. The division of Electricity at Uppsala University is developing a technology to harvest this energy. The technology is a point absorber type wave energy converter based on a direct-driven linear generator placed on the sea bed connected via a line to a buoy on the surface.

The work in this thesis is focused mainly on the energy transport of ocean waves and on increasing the transfer of energy from the waves to the generator and load. Potential linear wave theory is used to describe the ocean waves and to derive the hydrodynamic forces that are exerted on the buoy. Expressions for the energy transport in polychromatic waves travelling over waters of finite depth are derived and extracted from measured time series of wave elevation collected at the Lysekil test site. The results are compared to existing solutions that uses the simpler deep water approximation. A Two-Body system wave energy converter model tuned to resonance in Swedish west coast sea states is developed based on the Lysekil project concept. The first indicative results are derived by using a linear resistive load. The concept is further extended by a coupled hydrodynamic and electromagnetic model with two more realistic non-linear load conditions.

Results show that the use of the deep water approximation gives a too low energy transport in the time averaged as well as in the total instantaneous energy transport. Around the resonance frequency, a Two-Body System gives a power capture ratio of up to 80 percent. For more energetic sea states the power capture ratio decreases rapidly, indicating a smoother power output. The currents in the generator when using the Two-Body system is shown to be more evenly distributed compared to the conventional system, indicating a better utilization of the electrical equipment. Although the resonant nature of the system makes it sensitive to the shape of the wave spectrum, results indicate a threefold increase in annual power production compared to the conventional system.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2011. s. 91
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 878
Nyckelord
Ocean wave energy, Point absorber, Wave energy converter, Wave energy transport, Polychromatic wave, Linear generator, Resonance, Finite depth, Modelling
Nationell ämneskategori
Elektroteknik och elektronik Marin teknik Oceanografi, hydrologi och vattenresurser
Forskningsämne
Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot elektronik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-160319 (URN)978-91-554-8214-5 (ISBN)
Disputation
2011-12-09, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2011-11-17 Skapad: 2011-10-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Engström, JensIsberg, JanLeijon, Mats

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