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Changes in Driver Celeration Behavior over Time: do Drivers Learn from Collisions?
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 471-479Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Although it is well known that drivers’ accident risk changes with experience, it has never been specified exactly how this comes about in terms of changes of behaviour, or what features of their experiences are important for this change. One possibility is that drivers learn from their collision involvement, and change their behaviour after such events, as some studies indicate. However, relative accident involvement tends to be very stable over time, which indicates the opposite. Repeated measurements of celeration (speed change) behaviour of bus drivers were compared between two groups; drivers without accidents within the measurement period (about 3 years), and drivers with at least one crash. For the crash group, there was a steady decline in their celeration values over time, but this was not related to their crashes. A similar reduction was also present for the non-crash sample. The results would seem to be in agreement with the theory of accident proneness; there exist stability in driver behaviour over time, despite accident involvement. However, this stability is relative within the sample, and not absolute. The reduction in celeration values for both groups over time would seem to indicate that drivers learn from their experiences in general, but not specifically from accidents. The present study seems to indicate that daily experience of driving situations is the strongest factor for changes in driving behaviour.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012. Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 471-479
Nyckelord [en]
Driving experience, Accident, Driver behaviour, Celeration
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-179610DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2012.04.002ISI: 000307915200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-179610DiVA, id: diva2:545439
Tillgänglig från: 2012-08-20 Skapad: 2012-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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