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The role of curvature in silica mesoporous crystals
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
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2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Interface Focus, ISSN 2042-8898, Vol. 2, nr 5, s. 634-644Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Silica mesoporous crystals (SMCs) offer a unique opportunity to study micellar mesophases. Replication of non-equilibrium mesophases into porous silica structures allows the characterization of surfactant phases under a variety of chemical and physical perturbations, through methods not typically accessible to liquid crystal chemists. A poignant example is the use of electron microscopy and crystallography, as discussed herein, for the purpose of determining the fundamental role of amphiphile curvature, namely mean curvature and Gaussian curvature, which have been extensively studied in various fields such as polymer, liquid crystal, biological membrane, etc. The present work aims to highlight some current studies devoted to the interface curvature on SMCs, in which electron microscopy and electron crystallography (EC) are used to understand the geometry of silica wall surface in bicontinuous and cage-type mesostructures through the investigation of electrostatic potential maps. Additionally, we show that by altering the synthesis conditions during the preparation of SMCs, it is possible to isolate particles during micellar mesophase transformations in the cubic bicontinuous system, allowing us to view and study epitaxial relations under the specific synthesis conditions. By studying the relationship between mesoporous structure, interface curvature and micellar mesophases using electron microscopy and EC, we hope to bring new insights into the formation mechanism of these unique materials but also contribute a new way of understanding periodic liquid crystal systems.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2012. Vol. 2, nr 5, s. 634-644
Emneord [en]
silica mesoporous crystals, mean curvature, Gaussian curvature, surfactant packing parameter, electron crystallography
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot nanoteknologi och funktionella material
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183544DOI: 10.1098/rsfs.2011.0098ISI: 000308239700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-183544DiVA, id: diva2:575099
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-12-07 Laget: 2012-10-29 Sist oppdatert: 2013-03-04bibliografisk kontrollert

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