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Genome-wide Association Study of Susceptibility Loci for Cervical Cancer
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik. (Rudbeck Lab)
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik. (Rudbeck Lab)
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik. (Rudbeck Lab)
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinsk biokemi och mikrobiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, ISSN 0027-8874, E-ISSN 1460-2105, Vol. 105, nr 9, s. 624-633Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Cervical carcinoma has a heritable genetic component, but the genetic basis of cervical cancer is still not well understood. Methods We performed a genome-wide association study of 731 422 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 1075 cervical cancer case subjects and 4014 control subjects and replicated it in 1140 case subjects and 1058 control subjects. The association between top SNPs and cervical cancer was estimated by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with unconditional logistic regression. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results Three independent loci in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region at 6p21.3 were associated with cervical cancer: the first is adjacent to the MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A gene (MICA) (rs2516448; OR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.31 to 1.54; P = 1.6 x 10(-18)); the second is between HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQA1 (rs9272143; OR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.62 to 0.72; P = 9.3 x 10(-24)); and the third is at HLA-DPB2 (rs3117027; OR=1.25, 95% CI = 1.15 to 1.35; P = 4.9 x 10(-8)). We also confirmed previously reported associations of B*0702 and DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 with susceptibility to and DRB1*1301-DQA1*0103-DQB1*0603 with protection against cervical cancer. The three new loci are statistically independent of these specific human leukocyte antigen alleles/haplotypes. MICA encodes a membrane-bound protein that acts as a ligand for NKG2D to activate antitumor effects. The risk allele of rs2516448 is in perfect linkage disequilibrium with a frameshift mutation (A5.1) of MICA, which results in a truncated protein. Functional analysis shows that women carrying this mutation have lower levels of membrane-bound MICA. Conclusions Three novel loci in the MHC may affect susceptibility to cervical cancer in situ, including the MICA-A5.1 allele that may cause impaired immune activation and increased risk of tumor development.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 105, nr 9, s. 624-633
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-202385DOI: 10.1093/jnci/djt051ISI: 000318681200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-202385DiVA, id: diva2:631853
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-06-24 Laget: 2013-06-24 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Analysis of genetic susceptibility to cervical cancer using candidate gene and GWAS approaches
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Analysis of genetic susceptibility to cervical cancer using candidate gene and GWAS approaches
2015 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Cervical cancer is the forth most commonly diagnosed cancer among women worldwide. It is caused by persistent infection with an oncogenic type of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV is a necessary but not sufficient cause of cervical cancer. Environmental factors such as smoking, high parity and long-term use of oral contraceptives increases the risk of cervical cancer. Genetic factors also affect the risk of developing the disease. The aim of this thesis is to search for and evaluate genetic risk factors for cervical cancer using both a candidate gene approach and a genome-wide association study (GWAS).

Paper I examined the association of genetic variation in three Fanconi Anemia (FA) genes (FANCA, FANCC and FANCL), involved in DNA repair, with cervical cancer susceptibility in the Swedish population. No association was observed. Paper II evaluated the association of genetic variation in the TMC6 and TMC8 genes with susceptibility to cervical cancer in the Swedish population and an association of two SNPs (rs2290907 and rs16970849) with cervical cancer was observed.  In paper III the first GWAS performed in cervical cancer was reported. Three independent loci in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region at 6p21.3 were found to affect the susceptibility to cervical cancer. Paper IV examined the sequence variation in the TMC6 and TMC8 region and its association with cervical cancer. A highly polymorphic 21 bp sequence was identified and found to be repeated 5 to 42 times in both cases and controls. Lack of this repeat was associated with increased risk of cervical cancer. An intronic SNP (rs2926778) located in between the TNRC6C and TMC6 genes was also found to be associated with cervical cancer.

The thesis provides evidence for the importance of genes in the immune system for cervical cancer susceptibility. The genetic risk factors identified explain only a part of the genetic susceptibility, implying that other risk factors remains to be identified

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. s. 50
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1100
Emneord
cervical cancer, association study, human papillomavirus, genetics, complex disease, TMC6, TMC8, MHC region
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Medicinsk genetik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248484 (URN)978-91-554-9234-2 (ISBN)
Disputas
2015-05-28, Auditorium Minus, Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-05-06 Laget: 2015-03-30 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11

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