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Beyond the Individual: Sources of Attitudes Towards Rule Violation in Sport
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik. (Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics)
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik. (Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics)
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Centrum för forsknings- och bioetik. (Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics)
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, ISSN 1751-1321, E-ISSN 1751-133X, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 467-479Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Today, certain rule-violating behaviours, such as doping, are considered to be an issue of concern for the sport community. This paper underlines and examines the affective dimensions involved in moral responses to, and attitudes towards, rule-violating behaviours in sport. The key role played by affective processes underlying individual-level moral judgement has already been implicated by recent developments in moral psychological theories, and by neurophysiological studies. However, we propose and discuss the possibility of affective processes operating on a social level which may influence athletes’ individual-level attitudes. We conclude that one-sided focus on individual rule- violating behaviour and individual sanctions may prove to be ineffective in coming to terms with the issue. In this regard we recommend a twofold approach by addressing underlying social dimensions, along with preventive measures through affect-oriented education.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012. Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 467-479
Nyckelord [en]
rule-violating behaviour, emotion, emotion culture, moral response, moral psychology
Nationell ämneskategori
Etik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206599DOI: 10.1080/17511321.2012.739194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-206599DiVA, id: diva2:644697
Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-02 Skapad: 2013-09-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Transforming the Doping Culture: Whose responsibility, what responsibility?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Transforming the Doping Culture: Whose responsibility, what responsibility?
2013 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The doping culture represents an issue for sport and for society. Normative debates on doping have been mainly concerned with questions of the justifiability of doping. The practice of assigning responsibility for doping behaviour has chiefly been individual-based, focusing mainly on the individual athlete’s doping behaviour. The overarching aim of this thesis is to investigate the relevance and the importance of the ideas of responsibility in relation to ethical debates on doping. The more specific aim is to examine the possibility of broadening the scope of responsibility beyond the individual athlete, and to sketch a theoretical framework within which this expansion could be accommodated. In the first study, it is argued that bioethicists have a moral/professional responsibility to start out from a realistic and up-to-date view of genetics in ethical debates on gene doping, and that good bioethics requires good empirics. In study 2, the role played by affective processes in influencing athletes’ attitudes towards doping behaviour is investigated, both on an individual and on a collective level. It is concluded that an exclusive focus on individual-level rule violation and sanctions may entail overlooking the greater social picture and would prove to be ineffective in the long term. In study 3, the common doping-is-cheating arguments are examined and it is argued that they fail to capture vital features of people’s moral responses to doping behaviour. An alternative account of cheating in sport is presented in terms of failure to manifest good will and respect. It is concluded that putting cheating in the broader context of human interpersonal relationships makes evident the need to broaden the scope of moral responsibility and agency beyond the individual athlete. In study 4, the particular case of assigning responsibility for doping to sports physicians is used to examine the current individual-based approach to responsibility. This approach underestimates the scope of the responsibility by leaving out a range of other actors from the discourse of responsibility. The central conclusion of the thesis is that transforming the current doping culture requires broadening the scope of responsibility to include individuals and groups of individuals other than the athletes themselves.  

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. s. 72
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 931
Nyckelord
Doping, responsibility, prospective responsibilities, cheating, good will, interpersonal relations, sports
Nationell ämneskategori
Etik
Forskningsämne
Etik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-206607 (URN)978-91-554-8738-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2013-10-11, Auditorium Minus, Museum Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2013-09-20 Skapad: 2013-09-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-01-23

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Förlagets fulltexthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17511321.2012.739194

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