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Stuttering, emotions, and heart rate during anticipatory anxiety:: a critical review
Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Division of Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1506-5897
2004 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of fluency disorders, ISSN 0094-730X, E-ISSN 1873-801X, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 123-133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Persons who stutter often report their stuttering is influenced by emotional reactions, yet the nature of such relation is still unclear. Psychophysiological studies of stuttering have failed to find any major association between stuttering and the activity of the sympathetic nervous system. A review of published studies of heart rate in relation to stressful speech situations indicate that adults who stutter tend to show a paradoxical reduction of heart rate compared with nonstuttering persons. Reduction of heart rate has also been observed in humans and mammals during anticipation of an unpleasant stimulus, and is proposed to be an indication of anticipatory anxiety resulting in a “freezing response” with parasympathetic inhibition of the heart rate. It is suggested that speech-related anticipatory anxiety in persons who stutter is likely to be a secondary, conditioned reaction based on previous experiences of stuttering.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2004. Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 123-133
Nyckelord [en]
stuttering anxiety
Nyckelord [sv]
stamning
Nationell ämneskategori
Neurovetenskaper Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Medicinsk vetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223797DOI: 10.1016/j.jfludis.2004.02.001PubMedID: 15178128OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223797DiVA, id: diva2:714175
Tillgänglig från: 2014-04-25 Skapad: 2014-04-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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