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An Enantioselective Approach to the Preparation of Chiral Sulfones by Ir-Catalyzed Asymmetric Hydrogenation
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för kemi - BMC, Syntetisk organisk kemi. (Joseph Samec)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7779-1849
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2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 136, nr 47, s. 16557-16562Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Several chiral sulfonyl compounds were prepared using the iridium catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation reaction. Vinylic, allylic and homoallylic sulfone substitutions were investigated, and high enantioselectivity is maintained regardless of the location of the olefin with respect to the sulfone. Impressive stereoselectivity was obtained for dialkyl substitutions, which typically are challenging substrates in the hydrogenation. As expected, the more bulky Z-substrates were hydrogenated slower than the corresponding E isomers, and in slightly lower enantioselectivity.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014. Vol. 136, nr 47, s. 16557-16562
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
Organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236862DOI: 10.1021/ja5079877ISI: 000345720500016PubMedID: 25300238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236862DiVA, id: diva2:765722
Tillgänglig från: 2014-11-24 Skapad: 2014-11-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Noble Metal Catalysed Reductions and Rearrangements
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Noble Metal Catalysed Reductions and Rearrangements
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The focus of this thesis has been organometallic catalysis applied to compounds containing heteroatoms which are usually poisonous to metal catalysts, by channelling their innate reactivity advantageously. The studies described in this thesis concentrate, in the first part, on iridium catalysed asymmetric hydrogenation (papers I and II) and in the second part, on gold catalysed internal rearrangements (papers III and IV). In each case, two classes of compounds are studied: pyridinium salts or sulphurous compounds. The asymmetric hydrogenation of pyridinium compounds was performed with 2% loading of N,P-ligated Ir catalyst with I2 additive (paper I) to achieve moderate to good enantiomeric excess (up to 98%). In paper II, olefinic sulphones were hydrogenated with an efficient 0.5% catalytic loading. In most cases full conversion was obtained and with good to excellent ees (up to 99%). The products of these reductions are chiral compounds, which could constitute further chemical building blocks. Palladium and gold were used sequentially in paper III, in order to perform a “Click” thiol-yne reaction followed by a semi-Pinacol rearrangement, leading to isolated yields of up to 98%. In paper IV The gold catalysed rearrangement of alkyl-pyridinium diynes was conducted, with a number of substrates providing >90% NMR yield. A highly selective hydrogenation was performed with a heterogeneous palladium catalyst to yield single diastereomer products. This methodology consists of up to three steps, with two catalysts in one pot.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. s. 63
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1337
Nationell ämneskategori
Organisk kemi
Forskningsämne
Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-272383 (URN)978-91-554-9453-7 (ISBN)
Disputation
2016-02-25, B/B21, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2016-02-03 Skapad: 2016-01-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-02-12

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