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Beyond Keeping Peace: United Nations Effectiveness in the Midst of Fighting
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6410-1551
2014 (English)In: American Political Science Review, ISSN 0003-0554, E-ISSN 1537-5943, Vol. 108, no 4, p. 737-753Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While United Nations peacekeeping missions were created to keep peace and perform post-conflict activities, since the end of the Cold War peacekeepers are more often deployed to active conflicts. Yet, we know little about their ability to manage ongoing violence. This article provides the first broad empirical examination of UN peacekeeping effectiveness in reducing battlefield violence in civil wars. We analyze how the number of UN peacekeeping personnel deployed influences the amount of battlefield deaths in all civil wars in Africa from 1992 to 2011. The analyses show that increasing numbers of armed military troops are associated with reduced battlefield deaths, while police and observers are not. Considering that the UN is often criticized for ineffectiveness, these results have important implications: if appropriately composed, UN peacekeeping missions reduce violent conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Vol. 108, no 4, p. 737-753
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-237714DOI: 10.1017/S0003055414000446ISI: 000345446700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-237714DiVA, id: diva2:768619
Part of project
Protection of Civilians: UN Peacekeeping Strategies and Their Effectiveness, Riksbankens JubileumsfondAvailable from: 2014-12-04 Created: 2014-12-04 Last updated: 2020-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Hultman, Lisa

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