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Simulations of iron K pre-edge X-ray absorption spectra using the core restricted active space method
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Theoretical Chemistry.
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2016 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 4, 3250-3259 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The intensities and relative energies of metal K pre-edge features are sensitive to both geometric and electronic structures. With the possibility to collect high-resolution spectral data it is important to find theoretical methods that include all important spectral effects: ligand-field splitting, multiplet structures, 3d-4p orbital hybridization, and charge-transfer excitations. Here the restricted active space (RAS) method is used for the first time to calculate metal K pre-edge spectra of open-shell systems, and its performance is tested against on six iron complexes: [FeCl6](n-), [FeCl4](n-), and [Fe(CN)(6)](n-) in ferrous and ferric oxidation states. The method gives good descriptions of the spectral shapes for all six systems. The mean absolute deviation for the relative energies of different peaks is only 0.1 eV. For the two systems that lack centrosymmetry [FeCl4](2-/1-), the ratios between dipole and quadrupole intensity contributions are reproduced with an error of 10%, which leads to good descriptions of the integrated pre-edge intensities. To gain further chemical insight, the origins of the pre-edge features have been analyzed with a chemically intuitive molecular orbital picture that serves as a bridge between the spectra and the electronic structures. The pre-edges contain information about both ligand-field strengths and orbital covalencies, which can be understood by analyzing the RAS wavefunction. The RAS method can thus be used to predict and rationalize the effects of changes in both the oxidation state and ligand environment in a number of hard X-ray studies of small and medium-sized molecular systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 4, 3250-3259 p.
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Quantum Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-243571DOI: 10.1039/c5cp07487hISI: 000369506000108PubMedID: 26742851OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-243571DiVA: diva2:787589
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research CouncilCarl Tryggers foundation Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW-2013.0020Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), snic2013-1-317Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), snic2014-5-36
Available from: 2015-02-10 Created: 2015-02-10 Last updated: 2017-08-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Extending the Reach of Accurate Wavefunction Methods
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extending the Reach of Accurate Wavefunction Methods
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Multiconfigurational quantum chemistry methods, and especially the multiconfigurational self-consistent field (MCSCF) and multireference perturbation theory (MRPT2), are powerful tools, particularly suited to the accurate modeling of photochemical processes and transition metal catalysis. However, they are limited by their high computational cost compared to other methods, especially density functional theory. Moreover, there are areas where they would be expected to perform well, but where they are not applied due to lack of experience.

This thesis addresses those issues. First, the efficiency of the Cholesky decomposition approximation to reduce the cost of MCSCF and MRPT2 without sacrificing their accuracy is demonstrated. This then motivates the extension of the Cholesky approximation to the computation of MCSCF nuclear gradients, thus strongly improving the ability to perform MCSCF non-adiabatic molecular dynamics. Typically, a tenfold speed-up is observed allowing dynamic simulation of larger systems or over longer times.

Finally, multiconfigurational methods are applied to the computation of X-ray spectra of transition metal complexes. The importance of the different parameters in the calculation is systematically investigated, laying the base for wider applications of those accurate methods in the modeling of X-ray spectroscopy. A tool to analyze the resulting spectrum in terms of molecular orbitals is also presented, strengthening the interplay between theory and experiments.

With these developments and other significant ones that have happened in recent years, multiconfigurational methods can now reach new grounds and contribute to important new discoveries

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. 75 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1228
Keyword
Quantum chemistry, Density fitting, CASSCF, Analytical gradients, Photochemistry, X-ray spectroscopy
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Quantum Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-243573 (URN)978-91-554-9168-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-03-31, Siegbahnsalen, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-03-10 Created: 2015-02-10 Last updated: 2015-04-14Bibliographically approved
2. Electronic structures of transition metal complexes-core level spectroscopic investigation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic structures of transition metal complexes-core level spectroscopic investigation
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, The Department of Chemistry The Ångström Laboratory, 2016. 40 p.
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-275074 (URN)
Presentation
2016-02-25, Å64119, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala, 22:52 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2016-01-28 Last updated: 2016-11-08Bibliographically approved
3. Electronic structure investigations of transition metal complexes through X-ray spectroscopy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic structure investigations of transition metal complexes through X-ray spectroscopy
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Catalysts based on the first-row (3d) transition metals are commonly seen in chemical and biological reactions. To understand the role of the transition metal in the catalyst, the element specific technique core level spectroscopy is used to probe the electronic structure and geometric properties centered around the metal site. Different types of X-ray spectra can be applied to probe the metal 3d character orbitals involved in reactions, which make it possible to identify and characterize the reactive sites of samples in different forms. A detailed interpretation and understanding of the different X-ray spectra requires a unified method which can be used to model different types of X-ray spectra, e.g., soft and hard X-rays. In this thesis, theoretical investigations of the electronic structures of 3d transition metal complexes through X-ray spectroscopy are presented. The restricted active space method (RAS) is used to successfully reproduce different types of X-ray spectra by including all important spectral effects: multiplet structures, spin-orbit coupling, charge-transfer excitations, ligand field splitting and 3d-4p orbital hybridization. Different prototypes of molecules are adopted to test the applicability of the RAS theory.

The metal L edge X-ray absorption (XAS) spectra of low spin complexes [Fe(CN)6]n and [Fe(P)(ImH)2]n in ferrous and ferric oxidation state are discussed. The RAS calculations on iron L edge spectra of these comparing complexes have been performed to fingerprint the oxidation states of metal ion, and different ligand environments. The Fe(P) system has several low-lying spin states in the ground state, which is used as a model to identify unknown species by their spectroscopic fingerprints through RAS spectra simulations. To pave the route of understanding the electronic structure of oxygen evolution complex of Mn4CaO5 cluster, the MnII(acac)2 and MnIII(acac)3 are adopted as prototypical Mn-complexes. The 3d partial fluorescence yield-XAS are employed on the Mn L-edge in solution. Combining experiments and RAS calculations, primary questions related to the oxidation state and spin state are discussed.

The first application to simulate the metal K pre-edge XAS of mono-iron complexes and iron dimer using RAS method beyond the electric dipole is completed by implementing the approximate origin independent calculations for the intensities. The K pre-edge spectrum of centrosymmetric complex [FeCl6]n– ferrous state is discussed as s and a donor model systems. The intensity of the K pre-edge increases significantly if the centrosymmetric environment is broken, e:g:, when going from a six-coordinate to the four-coordinate site in [FeCl4]n. Distortions from centrosymmetry allow for 3d-4p orbital hybridization, which gives rise to electric dipole-allowed transitions in the K pre-edge region. In order to deliver ample electronic structure details with high resolution in the hard X-ray energy range, the two-photon 1s2p resonant inelastic X-ray scattering process is employed. Upon the above successful applications of one-photon iron L edge and K pre-edge spectra, the RAS method is extended to simulate and interpret the 1s2p resonant inelastic X-ray scattering spectra of [Fe(CN)6]n in ferrous and ferric oxidation states. The RAS applications on X-ray simulations are not restricted to the presented spectra in the thesis, it can be applied to the photon process of interest by including the corresponding core and valence orbitals of the sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 73 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1541
Keyword
transition metal complexes, x-ray spectroscopy, electronic structures
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry Physical Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328072 (URN)978-91-513-0035-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-06, Polhemssalen, Ång/10134, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-09-14 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2017-10-17

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Guo, MeiyuanSörensen, Lasse KraghDelcey, Mickaël G.Lundberg, Marcus

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