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Denial of anthropogenic climate change: Social dominance orientation helps explain the conservative male effect in Brazil and Sweden
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1211-5150
Victoria Univ Wellington, Ctr Appl Cross Cultural Res, Wellington, New Zealand;Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Psychol, POB 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand .
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9641-6275
Victoria Univ Wellington, Ctr Appl Cross Cultural Res, Wellington, New Zealand;Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Psychol, POB 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand .ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6838-6307
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 98, s. 184-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Political conservatives and males are more likely to deny human influence on climate change. In this paper we examine the role of social dominance orientation (SDO) in explaining this “conservative male” effect by testing whether SDO mediates the influence of both political conservatism and gender on anthropogenic climate change denial. We use cross-sectional online-based data from Brazil (N = 367) and Sweden (N = 221) to test our mediation hypothesis. Results from path analysis showed that SDO partially or fully mediated the influence of political orientation and gender on anthropogenic climate change denial. The results provide insights about the role of SDO in the “conservative male” effect, and suggest that SDO could be considered more comprehensively in studies focusing on climate change denial and environmental attitudes/behaviors.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016. Vol. 98, s. 184-187
Nyckelord [en]
Climate change denial; Political conservatism; Gender; Social dominance orientation
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-284920DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.020ISI: 000382794700031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-284920DiVA, id: diva2:920983
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2011–1891Tillgänglig från: 2016-04-19 Skapad: 2016-04-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Ideological roots of climate change denial: Resistance to change, acceptance of inequality, or both?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ideological roots of climate change denial: Resistance to change, acceptance of inequality, or both?
2016 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Climate change denial has been found to correlate with sociopolitical ideology. The general aim of the present thesis was to investigate this relation, and more specifically to 1) test the unique effects of intercorrelated ideological variables on denial, and 2) investigate the psychological underpinnings of the ideology-denial relation. This approach helps estimating what component of right-wing ideology better explains climate change denial; resistance to change (indexed by left-right/liberal-conservative political orientation, right-wing authoritarianism, and system justification), or acceptance of inequality (indexed by social dominance orientation [SDO]). In Paper I, SDO outperformed the effects of right-wing authoritarianism and political left-right orientation on denial (Study 1 and 2). Further, the SDO-denial relation was stable when denial scores were experimentally lowered by a newscast that communicated supportive evidence for climate change (Study 2). Thus, the following studies focused specifically on the SDO-denial relation by testing path models that also included other ideological variables (political conservatism, system justification, and endorsement of nature dominance), as well as personality variables (dominance, empathy, openness to experience, and anxiety avoidance) and/or gender. In Paper II, SDO and endorsement of nature dominance explained unique parts of climate change denial, and both of these variables mediated the effects of system justification and (low) empathy on denial. SDO mediated also the effect of dominance. In Paper III, focusing specifically on denial of human-induced climate change, SDO either partially or fully mediated the effects of political conservatism and gender across two cultural contexts (Brazil and Sweden). Additional analyses extended these results, by building on the model presented in Paper II. These analyses showed that SDO (and in some cases also political conservatism and endorsement of nature dominance) fully mediated the effects of gender and personality variables on denial, with one exception: Predisposition to avoid experiencing anxiety predicted denial directly, as well as through a link via general conservative ideology (system justification or political conservatism). In sum, the results indicate that denial is more strongly and consistently predicted by SDO than by the other included variables. Thus, endorsement of group-based inequality/hierarchies offers an important explanation for climate change denial. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. s. 82
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 128
Nyckelord
Climate change denial, ideology, political orientation, social dominance orientation, dominance of nature, personality, gender
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-297879 (URN)978-91-554-9621-0 (ISBN)
Externt samarbete:
Disputation
2016-09-09, Sydney Alrutz room (13:026), Blåsenhus, von Kraemers Allé 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, 2011-1891
Tillgänglig från: 2016-08-17 Skapad: 2016-06-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-08-26

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Jylhä, Kirsti M.Akrami, NazarMilfont, Taciano L.

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