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The Role of 3D Molecular Structural Control in New Hole Transport Materials Outperforming Spiro-OMeTAD in Perovskite Solar Cells
Uppsala University.
KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem Chem Sci & Engn, Ctr Mol Devices, Organ Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem Chem Sci & Engn, Ctr Mol Devices, Organ Chem, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Nanoteknologi och funktionella material.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, nr 19, artikkel-id 1601062Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents new hole-transport materials (HTMs) to replace the central spiro linkage inspiro-OMeTAD by a CC bond in H11 and CC double bond in H12. This structural change results in a facile synthetic process and a significant change in the molecular geometry. EmployingH11 as HTM in combination with mixed ion perovskite [HC(NH2)2]0.85(CH3NH3)0.15Pb(I0.85Br0.15)3, gives a solar cell power conversion efficiency of 19.8%.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 6, nr 19, artikkel-id 1601062
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300736DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201601062ISI: 000387134800013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-300736DiVA, id: diva2:952186
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy AgencyStandUpSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development)Swedish Research Council FormasTilgjengelig fra: 2016-08-12 Laget: 2016-08-12 Sist oppdatert: 2016-12-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Organic Hole Transport Materials for Solid-State Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Organic Hole Transport Materials for Solid-State Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells
2016 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSSCs) and recently developed perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have attracted a great attention in the scientific field of photovoltaics due to their low cost, absence of solvent, simple fabrication and promising power conversion efficiency (PCE). In these types of solar cell, the dye molecule or the perovskite can harvest the light on the basis of electron excitation. Afterwards, the electron and hole are collected at the charge transport materials.

Photoelectrochemical polymerization (PEP) is employed in this thesis to synthesize conducting polymer hole transport materials (HTMs) for ssDSSCs. We have for the first time developed aqueous PEP in comparison with the conventional organic PEP with acetonitrile as solvent. This water-based PEP could potentially provide a low-cost, environmental-friendly method for efficient deposition of polymer HTM for ssDSSCs. In addition, new and simple precursors have been tested with PEP method. The effects of dye molecules on the PEP were also systematically studied, and we found that (a) the bulky structure of dye is of key importance for blocking the interfacial charge recombination; and (b) the matching of the energy levels between the dye and the precursor plays a key role in determining the kinetics of the PEP process.

In PSCs, the HTM layer is crucial for efficient charge collection and its long term stability. We have studied different series of new molecular HTMs in order to understand fundamentally the influence of alkyl chains, molecular energy levels, and molecular geometry of the HTM on the photovoltaic performance. We have identified several important factors of the HTMs for efficient PSCs, including high uniformity of the HTM capping layer, perovskite-HTM energy level matching, good HTM solubility, and high conductivity. These factors affect interfacial hole injection, hole transport, and charge recombination in PSCs. By systematical optimization, a promising PCE of 19.8% has been achieved by employing a new HTM H11. We believe that this work could provide important guidance for the future development of new and efficient HTMs for PSCs.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. s. 83
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1408
Emneord
photoelectrochemical polymerization, PEDOT, dye, hole transport material, small molecule, perovskite solar cell
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300802 (URN)978-91-554-9659-3 (ISBN)
Disputas
2016-10-07, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-15 Laget: 2016-08-14 Sist oppdatert: 2016-09-22

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