Characterisation of Tuber aestivum syn. T. uncinatum biotopes and their history on Gotland
2004 (English)In: Mycological Research, ISSN 0953-7562, Vol. 108, no 3, 304-310 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study aimed at testing the hypothesis that the genetically distinct Tuber aestivum population on the island of Gotland, Sweden, is adapted to habitats different from French T. aestivum populations. The soil structure, soil chemistry, bedrock, climate, vegetation and host tree continuity of 18 T. aestivum sites on Gotland were analysed and compared with data from France. We conclude that T. aestivum can grow in soils with a broad soil structure range and that no striking differences in soil chemistry were found. No T. aestivum indicator plants other than the host trees were found, but the host tree continuity on the T. aestivum sites on Gotland was more than 300 yr. If the T. aestivum population on Gotland constitutes an ecotype it is rather an adaptation to the colder and drier climate on Gotland. Selecting local T. aestivum inoculum for truffle orchards in northern Europe could be important for successfull truffle production.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 108, no 3, 304-310 p.
Ecology, Tuber aestivum, Tuber uncinatum, truffle, Gotland, soil chemistry, precipitation, land use history
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-72581DOI: doi:10.1017/S0953756204009256PubMedID: 15185980OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-72581DiVA: diva2:100492