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Irritable bowel syndrome and functional abdominal pain in five-year-old children are related to lifestyle
Karolinska Univ Hosp, Astrid Lindgren Childrens Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Sodersjukhuset, Dept Clin Sci & Educ, Stockholm, Sweden..
Karolinska Inst, Sodersjukhuset, Dept Clin Sci & Educ, Stockholm, Sweden.;Soder Sjukhuset, Sachs Children & Youth Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Soder Sjukhuset, Sachs Children & Youth Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Clin Epidemiol Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
2016 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, no 8, 971-978 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Abdominal pain of functional origin is very common in childhood, and environmental factors are thought to be of aetiologic importance. The anthroposophic lifestyle has dietary and lifestyle characteristics that may influence child health, and this study aimed to assess the effect of such lifestyles on abdominal pain of functional origin. Methods: A prospective Swedish lifestyle cohort (n = 470) was followed from birth to five years of age. Family lifestyles were characterised through questionnaires. Abdominal pain was defined as irritable bowel syndrome or functional abdominal pain according to the Rome III criteria and measured with parental questionnaires and interviews at the age of five. Results: The prevalence of abdominal pain was 15%. Children were more likely to have abdominal pain at five years of age if their family had a partly anthroposophic lifestyle, with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 2.61 (95% CI 1.15-5.93), or an anthroposophic lifestyle, with an adjusted OR of 2.34 (95% CI 0.96-5.70). Conclusion: A family lifestyle with anthroposophic characteristics was associated with an increased risk of abdominal pain in five-year-old children. The mechanisms for this increase were unclear, but we speculate that there may have been different prerequisites for coping with stressors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 105, no 8, 971-978 p.
Keyword [en]
Anthroposophic lifestyle, Functional abdominal pain, Functional dyspepsia, Irritable bowel syndrome, Stress
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304222DOI: 10.1111/apa.13455ISI: 000382741100033PubMedID: 27135631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304222DiVA: diva2:1010392
The Karolinska Institutet's Research FoundationStockholm County CouncilSwedish Research CouncilCancer and Allergy FoundationSwedish Asthma and Allergy AssociationThe Swedish Medical Association
Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2016-10-03Bibliographically approved

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