Hyaluronan fragments induce endothelial cell differentiation in a CD44- and CXCL1/GRO1-dependent manner.
2005 (English)In: J Biol Chem, ISSN 0021-9258Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hyaluronan is a glycosaminoglycan of the extracellular matrix. In tumors and during chronic inflammatory diseases hyaluronan is degraded to smaller fragments which are known to stimulate endothelial cell differentiation. In this study we have compared the molecular mechanisms through which hyaluronan dodecasaccharides (HA12), and the known angiogenic factor, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2), induce capillary endothelial cell sprouting in a 3D collagen gel. The gene expression profiles of unstimulated and HA12 or FGF-2 stimulated endothelial cells were compared using a microarray analysis approach. The data revealed that both FGF-2 and HA12 promoted endothelial cell morphogenesis in a process depending on the expression of ornithine decarboxylase (Odc) and ornithine decarboxylase antizyme inhibitor (Oazi) genes. Among the genes selectively upregulated in response to HA12 was the chemokine CXCL1/GRO1 gene. The notion that the induction of CXCL1/GRO1 is of importance for HA12-induced endothelial cell sprouting was supported by the fact that morphogenesis was inhibited by antibodies specifically neutralizing the CXCL1/GRO1 protein product. HA12-stimulated endothelial cell differentiation was exerted via binding to CD44, since it was inhibited by antibodies blocking CD44 function. Our data show that hyaluronan fragments and FGF-2 affect endothelial cell morphogenesis by induction of overlapping, but also distinct sets of genes.
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IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-73374PubMedID: 15843382OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-73374DiVA: diva2:101284