Chromatin and histones from Giardia lamblia: a new puzzle in primitive eukaryotes
2001 (English)In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, ISSN 0730-2312, E-ISSN 1097-4644, Vol. 82, no 4, 573-582 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The three deepest eukaryote lineages in small subunit ribosomal RNA phylogenies are the amitochondriate Microsporidia, Metamonada, and Parabasalia. They are followed by either the Euglenozoa (e.g., Euglena and Trypanosoma) or the Percolozoa as the first mitochondria-containing eukaryotes. Considering the great divergence of histone proteins in protozoa we have extended our studies of histones from Trypanosomes (Trypanosoma cruzi, Crithidia fasciculata and Leishmania mexicana) to the Metamonada Giardia lamblia, since Giardia is thought to be one of the most primitive eukaryotes. In the present work, the structure of G. lamblia chromatin and the histone content of the soluble chromatin were investigated and compared with that of higher eukaryotes, represented by calf thymus. The chromatin is present as nucleosome filaments which resemble the calf thymus array in that they show a more regular arrangement than those described for Trypanosoma. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and protein characterization revealed that the four core histones described in Giardia are in the same range of divergence with the histones from other lower eukaryotes. In addition, G. lamblia presented an H1 histone with electrophoretic mobility resembling the H1 of higher eukaryotes, in spite of the fact that H1 has a different molecular mass in calf thymus. Giardia also presents a basic protein which was identified as an HU-like DNA-binding protein usually present in eubacteria, indicating a chimaeric composition for the DNA-binding protein set in this species. Finally, the phylogenetic analysis of selected core histone protein sequences place Giardia divergence before Trypanosoma, despite the fact that Trypanosoma branch shows an acceleration in the evolutionary rate pointing to an unusual evolutionary behavior in this lineage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 82, no 4, 573-582 p.
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Cattle, Cells; Cultured, Chromatin/*ultrastructure, Comparative Study, DNA/analysis, DNA; Protozoan/*genetics, Electrophoresis; Polyacrylamide Gel, Evolution; Molecular, Giardia lamblia/chemistry/*genetics, Histones/*chemistry, Micrococcal Nuclease/chemistry, Phylogeny, Protozoan Proteins/*chemistry, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-73561DOI: 10.1002/jcb.1159PubMedID: 11500935OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-73561DiVA: diva2:101471