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Mixed ionic-electronic conductor membrane based fuel cells by incorporating semiconductor Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05LiO2-delta into the Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta-Na2CO3 electrolyte
Hubei Univ, Fac Phys & Elect Sci, Hubei Collaborat Innovat Ctr Adv Organ Chem Mat, Wuhan 430062, Hubei, Peoples R China..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences. Royal Inst Technol, Dept Energy Technol, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
Hubei Univ, Fac Phys & Elect Sci, Hubei Collaborat Innovat Ctr Adv Organ Chem Mat, Wuhan 430062, Hubei, Peoples R China.;Royal Inst Technol, Dept Energy Technol, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
Hubei Univ, Fac Phys & Elect Sci, Hubei Collaborat Innovat Ctr Adv Organ Chem Mat, Wuhan 430062, Hubei, Peoples R China.;Royal Inst Technol, Dept Energy Technol, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
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2016 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, E-ISSN 1879-3487, Vol. 41, no 34, 15346-15353 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, a novel composite was fabricated by incorporating the semiconductor Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05LiO2-delta (NCAL) into the ionic electrolyte Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta-Na2CO3 (NSDC), and further developed as a mixed-conducting membrane for single layer fuel cell (SLFC) applications. Experimentally, the crystal structure, morphology, chemical composition and thermo-stability of the composite were characterized by XRD, SEM and TGA. The best cell performance was investigated when the NSDC-NCAL membrane was optimized at a weight ratio of 6:4. On this basis, a number of interesting findings were obtained: i) the mixed conducting membrane did not cause any short circuit; on the contrary, the cell reached a decent open circuit voltage (OCV) of similar to 1.0 V. a high power density of 1072 mW cm(-2) was achieved at 550 degrees C for the NSDC-NCAL membrane based cell, which was much better than that using a pure NSDC electrolyte membrane. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) showed that the NSDC-NCAL composite exhibited significantly improved grain boundary conduction and reduced electrode polarizations, contributing to the resultant performance. To consolidate the usefulness of the device, we also conducted the durability test. The above findings indicate the strategy of introducing mixed NSDC-NCAL membrane is feasible for high-performance SLFCs operating at low temperatures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 41, no 34, 15346-15353 p.
Keyword [en]
Low temperature solid oxide fuel cell, Mixed conducting membrane, Ni0.8Co0.15Al0.05LiO2-delta(NCAL)-Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-delta-Na2CO3(NSDC), Single layer fuel cell
National Category
Chemical Sciences Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304146DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.07.032ISI: 000382793000025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304146DiVA: diva2:1014988
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-4983EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 303454
Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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