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Modeling nonlinear responses of DOC transport in boreal catchments in Sweden
Univ Helsinki, Dept Forest Sci, Helsinki, Finland; Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hydraul & Environm Engn, Trondheim, Norway.
Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hydraul & Environm Engn, Trondheim, Norway.
Univ Helsinki, Dept Forest Sci, Helsinki, Finland; Univ Helsinki, Dept Environm Sci, Helsinki, Finland.
Univ Helsinki, Dept Forest Sci, Helsinki, Finland.
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2016 (English)In: Water resources research, ISSN 0043-1397, E-ISSN 1944-7973, Vol. 52, no 7, 4970-4989 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stream water dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations display high spatial and temporal variation in boreal catchments. Understanding and predicting these patterns is a challenge with great implications for water quality projections and carbon balance estimates. Although several biogeochemical models have been used to estimate stream water DOC dynamics, model biases common during both rain and snow melt-driven events. The parsimonious DOC-model, K-DOC, with 10 calibrated parameters, uses a nonlinear discharge and catchment water storage relationship including soil temperature dependencies of DOC release and consumption. K-DOC was used to estimate the stream water DOC concentrations over 5 years for eighteen nested boreal catchments having total area of 68 km2 (varying from 0.04 to 67.9 km2). The model successfully simulated DOC concentrations during base flow conditions, as well as, hydrological events in catchments dominated by organic and mineral soils reaching NSEs from 0.46 to 0.76. Our semimechanistic model was parsimonious enough to have all parameters estimated using statistical methods. We did not find any clear differences between forest and mire-dominated catchments that could be explained by soil type or tree species composition. However, parameters controlling slow release and consumption of DOC from soil water behaved differently for small headwater catchments (less than 2 km2) than for those that integrate larger areas of different ecosystem types (10–68 km2). Our results emphasize that it is important to account for nonlinear dependencies of both, soil temperature, and catchment water storage, when simulating DOC dynamics of boreal catchments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 52, no 7, 4970-4989 p.
Keyword [en]
Biogeochemical cycles, processes, and modeling, Carbon cycling, Modeling, DOC, hydrology, Boreal catchments
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304307DOI: 10.1002/2015WR018343ISI: 000383683800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304307DiVA: diva2:1015061
Funder
EU, European Research CouncilSwedish Research Council FormasThe Kempe Foundations
Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Weyhenmeyer, Gesa A.

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