Warfarin dose related to apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences2005 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, ISSN 0031-6970, E-ISSN 1432-1041, Vol. 61, no 5-6, 381-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: Warfarin is an anticoagulant which acts through interference with the recycling of vitamin K in the liver, leading to reduced activation of several clotting factors. Apolipoprotein E plays a central role in the uptake of the lipid-soluble vitamin K. The apolipoprotein E (APOE) alleles E2, E3 and E4 encode the three major isoforms of apolipoprotein E. The aim of this project was to evaluate whether variation in the APOE gene influences warfarin dose.METHODS: We genotyped APOE in 183 warfarin-treated patients. Information about warfarin dose, prothrombin time, age, gender, body weight, treatment indication and duration, other diseases and concurrent medication was taken from the patients' medical records. Cytochrome P(450) 2C9 genotyping had been performed previously, and patients were stratified according to CYP2C9 genotype.RESULTS: Patients homozygous for APOE*E4 tended to receive higher warfarin doses than others. Among CYP2C9 extensive metabolisers, APOE*E4 homozygous patients received significantly higher warfarin doses than patients with one or no E4 alleles; 56.9 compared with 34.3 and 34.6 mg/week, (Bonferroni corrected P=0.008 and 0.007, respectively). APOE genotype explains 6% of warfarin dose variance among CYP2C9 extensive metabolisers (analysis of variance, P=0.009).CONCLUSION: Previous studies have shown that individuals carrying the APOE*E4 allele have a faster uptake of lipoproteins into the liver and lower levels of circulating vitamin K than others. It is therefore plausible that patients carrying E4 alleles have an enhanced uptake of vitamin K into the liver and require higher doses of warfarin to compensate for this.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 61, no 5-6, 381-8 p.
APOE, warfarin, pharmacogenetics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-74345DOI: 10.1007/s00228-005-0936-3PubMedID: 15952022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-74345DiVA: diva2:102255