Implementing TQM in the health care service
2005 (English)In: International journal of health care quality assurance incorporating leadership in helath services, ISSN 1366-0756, Vol. 18, no 5, 370-84 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose – The present study seeks to present a case study over four years following an implementation process of total quality management (TQM) on an ICU (intensive care unit). Design/methodology/approach – The aim was to describe consequences shown in the organisational climate, workload and staff wellbeing. A case study design was employed using a longitudinal method of data collection. Findings – Downsizing due to diminishing resources was a parallel process probably disturbing the TQM implementation. The workload increased by 20 per cent, whereas organisational and individual variables remained stable over time. However, sick leave increased dramatically and was higher than the general level within the Swedish population. The ICU had the capacity to adapt successfully by regulating working hours to workload. It is speculated that another cause behind sickness absence exists other than the general opinion. The literature used for the discussion departs from the relation between people's understanding and acting, sensemaking, and organisational theories describing complex adaptive systems emphasizing attraction patterns. Organisational ambiguity was a main finding in an earlier study that was used for interpretation of the result in the present study. As ambiguity seems to be a major and increasing problem, it has consequences for management as well as for continuous quality development. Originality/value – The implication of the study is the need to be able to successfully work in an ambiguous situation and use the quality system as a device in day-to-day work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 18, no 5, 370-84 p.
Hospitals, Organizational culture, Sick leave, Total quality management, Stress, Working practices
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Health Care Research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-74443DOI: 10.1108/09526860510612225PubMedID: 16167655OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-74443DiVA: diva2:102353