Using MD Snapshots in ab Initio and DFT Calculations: OH Vibrations in the First Hydration Shell around Li+(aq)
2005 (English)In: J. Phys. Chem. A, Vol. 109, no 23, 5144-5152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The average OH stretching vibrational frequency for the water molecules in the first hydration shell around a Li+ ion in a dilute aqueous solution was calculated by a hybrid molecular dynamics + quantum-mechanical ("MD + QM") approach. Using geometry configurations from a series of snapshots from an MD simulation, the anharmonic, uncoupled OH stretching frequencies were calculated for 100 first-shell OH oscillators at the B3LYP and HF/6-31G(d,p) levels of theory, explicitly including the first shell and the relevant second shell water molecules into charge-embedded supermolecular QM calculations. Infrared intensity-weighting of the density-of-states (DOS) distributions by means of the squared dipole moment derivatives (which vary by a factor of 20 over the OH stretching frequency band at the B3LYP level), changes the downshift from approximately -205 to -275 cm-1 at the B3LYP level. Explicit inclusion of relevant third-shell water molecules in the supermolecular cluster leads to a further downshift by approximately -30 cm-1. Our final estimated average downshift is approximately -305 cm-1. The experimental value lies somewhere in the range between -290 and -420 cm-1. Also, the absolute (OH) frequency is well reproduced in our calculations. "In-liquid" instantaneous correlation curves between (OH) and various typical H-bond strength parameters such as R(O···O), R(H···O), the intramolecular OH bond length, and the IR intensity are presented. Some of these correlations are robust and persist also for the rather distorted instantaneous geometries in the liquid; others are less so.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 109, no 23, 5144-5152 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-74775DOI: doi:10.1021/jp047395jOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-74775DiVA: diva2:102685