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DNA Content in Extracellular Vesicles Isolated from Porcine Coronary Venous Blood Directly after Myocardial Ischemic Preconditioning
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Clin Sci, Anesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Gothenburg, Sweden..
Umea Univ, Inst Surg & Perioperat Sci, Anesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Umea, Sweden..
Umea Univ, Cardiol, Inst Heart Ctr, Umea, Sweden.;Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Med, Umea, Sweden..
Umea Univ, Cardiol, Inst Heart Ctr, Umea, Sweden.;Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Med, Umea, Sweden..
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 7, e0159105Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Extracellular vesicles (EV) are nano-sized membranous structures released from most cells. They have the capacity to carry bioactive molecules and gene expression signals between cells, thus mediating intercellular communication. It is believed that EV confer protection after ischemic preconditioning (IPC). We hypothesize that myocardial ischemic preconditioning will lead to rapid alteration of EV DNA content in EV collected from coronary venous effluent. Materials and Methods In a porcine myocardial ischemic preconditioning model, EV were isolated from coronary venous blood before and after IPC by differential centrifugation steps culminating in preparative ultracentrifugation combined with density gradient ultracentrifugation. The EV preparation was validated, the DNA was extracted and further characterized by DNA sequencing followed by bioinformatics analysis. Results Porcine genomic DNA fragments representing each chromosome, including mitochondrial DNA sequences, were detected in EV isolated before and after IPC. There was no difference detected in the number of sequenced gene fragments (reads) or in the genomic coverage of the sequenced DNA fragments in EV isolated before and after IPC. Gene ontology analysis showed an enrichment of genes coding for ion channels, enzymes and proteins for basal metabolism and vesicle biogenesis and specific cardiac proteins. Conclusions This study demonstrates that porcine EV isolated from coronary venous blood plasma contain fragments of DNA from the entire genome, including the mitochondria. In this model we did not find specific qualitative or quantitative changes of the DNA content in EV collected immediately after an in vivo myocardial IPC provocation. This does not rule out the possibility that EV DNA content changes in response to myocardial IPC which could occur in a later time frame.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 7, e0159105
National Category
Medical Genetics Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304451DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159105ISI: 000380169600033PubMedID: 27434143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304451DiVA: diva2:1033007
Funder
Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, 2013-0690
Available from: 2016-10-05 Created: 2016-10-05 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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