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Persistent glucose transporter expression on pancreatic beta cells from longstanding type 1 diabetic individuals
La Jolla Inst Allergy & Immunol, Type Diabet Ctr 1, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA.
La Jolla Inst Allergy & Immunol, Type Diabet Ctr 1, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA.
La Jolla Inst Allergy & Immunol, Type Diabet Ctr 1, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA.
St Vincents Inst, Dept Immunol & Diabet, Melbourne, Vic 3065, Australia.
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2011 (English)In: Diabetes/Metabolism Research Reviews, ISSN 1520-7552, E-ISSN 1520-7560, Vol. 27, no 8, 746-754 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Recent reports have established the notion that many patients with longstanding type 1 diabetes (T1D) possess a remnant population of insulin-producing beta cells. It remains questionable, however, whether these surviving cells can physiologically sense and respond to glucose stimuli.

METHODS: Frozen pancreatic sections from non-diabetic donors (n=8), type 2 diabetic patients (n=4), islet autoantibody-positive non-diabetic patients (n=3), type 1 diabetic patients (n=10) and one case of gestational diabetes were obtained via the network for Pancreatic Organ Donors. All longstanding T1D samples were selected based on the detection of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas by immunohistochemistry. RNA was isolated from all sections followed by cDNA preparation and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction for insulin, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), GLUT2 and GLUT3. Finally, immunofluorescent staining was performed on consecutive sections for all four of these markers and a comparison was made between the expression of GLUT2 in humans versus NOD mice.

RESULTS: In contrast to islets from the most widely used T1D model, the NOD mouse, human islets predominantly express GLUT1 and, to a much lesser extent, GLUT3 on their surface instead of GLUT2. Relative expression levels of these receptors do not significantly change in the context of the various (pre-)diabetic conditions studied. Moreover, in both species preservation of GLUT expression was observed even under conditions of substantial leucocyte infiltration or decades of T1D duration.

CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that despite being subjected to multiple years of physiological stress, the remaining beta-cell population in longstanding T1D patients retains a capacity to sense glucose via its GLUTs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 27, no 8, 746-754 p.
Keyword [en]
glucose transporters; type 1 diabetes; beta cells; pancreas; islets of Langerhans; insulin
National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304613DOI: 10.1002/dmrr.1246ISI: 000300108000005PubMedID: 22069254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304613DiVA: diva2:1033210
Available from: 2016-10-06 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2016-10-06Bibliographically approved
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