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Conducting redox polymers with non-activated charge transport properties
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Organic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Molecular Biomimetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6218-3039
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Nanotechnology and Functional Materials.
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2017 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 19, no 36, 25052-25058 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Non-activated charge transport has been demonstrated in terephthalate-functionalized conducting redox polymers. The transition from a temperature-activated conduction mechanism to a residual scattering mechanism was dependent on the doping level. The latter mechanism is associated with apparent negative activation barriers to charge transport and is generally found in polymer materials with a high degree of order. Crystallographic data, however, suggested a low degree of order in this polymer, indicating the existence of interconnected crystal domains in the predominantly amorphous polymer matrix through which the charge was transported. We have thus shown that the addition of bulky pendant groups to conducting polymers does not prevent efficient charge transport via the residual scattering mechanism with low barriers to charge transport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 19, no 36, 25052-25058 p.
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304625DOI: 10.1039/c7cp03939eISI: 000411606200067PubMedID: 28879367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304625DiVA: diva2:1033253
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research Stiftelsen Olle Engkvist ByggmästareEU, Horizon 2020, 64431Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2016-10-06 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2017-12-01
In thesis
1. Terephthalate-Functionalized Conducting Redox Polymers for Energy Storage Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Terephthalate-Functionalized Conducting Redox Polymers for Energy Storage Applications
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Organic electrode materials, as sustainable and environmental benign alternatives to inorganic electrode materials, show great promise for achieving cheap, light, versatile and disposable devices for electrical energy storage applications. Conducting redox polymers (CRPs) are a new class of organic electrode materials where the charge storage capacity is provided by the redox chemistry of functional pendent groups and electronic conductivity is provided by the doped conducting polymer backbone, enabling the production of energy storage devices with high charge storage capacity and high power capability. This pendant-conducting polymer backbone combination can solve two of the main problems associated with organic molecule-based electrode materials, i.e. the dissolution of the active material and the sluggish charge transport within the material. In this thesis, diethyl terephthalate and polythiophenes were utilized as the pendant and the backbone, respectively. The choice of pendant-conducting polymer backbone combination was based on potential match between the two moieties, i.e. the redox reaction of terephthalate pendent groups and the n-doping of polythiophene backbone occur in the same potential region. The resulting CRPs exhibited fast charge transport within the polymer films and low activation energies involved charge propagation through these materials. In the design of these CRPs an unconjugated link between the pendant and the backbone was found to be advantageous in terms of the polymerizability of the monomers and for the preservation of individual redox activity of the pendants and the polymer chain in CRPs. The functionalized materials were specifically designed as anode materials for energy storage applications and, although insufficient cycling stability was observed, the work presented in this thesis demonstrates that the combination of redox active functional groups with conducting polymers, forming CRPs, shows promise for the development of organic matter-based electrical energy storage materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 60 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1437
Keyword
conducting polymers, terephthalate, polythiophene, PEDOT, conductance
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304628 (URN)978-91-554-9715-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-11-24, Häggsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-08 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2016-11-16
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Yang, LiHuang, XiaoMamedov, FikretZhang, PengGogoll, AdolfStrömme, MariaSjödin, Martin

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