uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Nasal and hand carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in staff at a Department for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery: endogenous or exogenous source?
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. klinisk mikrobiologi. (bakteriologi)
Department of Surgical Sciences. thoraxkirurgi.
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
2003 (English)In: Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol., Vol. 24, no 9, 686-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rates of Staphylococcus aureus carriage on the hands and in the noses of healthcare workers (HCWs) and the relatedness of S. aureus isolates found in the two sites. DESIGN: Point-prevalence study. SETTING: Department for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery at the University Hospital of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Samples were obtained from 133 individuals, 18 men and 115 women, using imprints of each hand on blood agar and a swab from the nose. S. aureus isolates were identified by standard methods and typed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: S. aureus was found on the hands of 16.7% of the men and 9.6% of the women, and in the noses of 33.3% of the men and 17.4% of the women. The risk ratio for S. aureus carriage on the hands with nasal carriage was 7.4 (95% confidence interval, 2.7 to 20.2; P < .001). Among the 14 HCWs carrying S. aureus on their hands, strain likeness to the nasal isolate was documented for 7 (50%). CONCLUSIONS: Half of the HCWs acquired S. aureus on the hands from patients or the environment and half did so by apparent self-inoculation from the nose. Regardless of the source of contamination, good compliance with hand hygiene is needed from all HCWs to protect patients from nosocomial infections. The moderate rate of S. aureus carriage on hands in this setting could be the result of the routine use of alcoholic hand antisepsis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 24, no 9, 686-9 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-75450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-75450DiVA: diva2:103361
Available from: 2006-02-08 Created: 2006-02-08 Last updated: 2011-01-13

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

http://14510252

Authority records BETA

Stahle, ElisabethRansjö, Ulrika

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stahle, ElisabethRansjö, Ulrika
By organisation
Department of Medical SciencesDepartment of Surgical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 505 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf