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Breastfeeding determinants and a suggested framework for action in Europe
Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7165-279X
Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; Department of Physical Education and Health, University of Örebro, Örebro, Sweden .
2001 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 4, no 2B, 729-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This is a background paper for the EURODIET initiative. A number of international initiatives and documents were identified, such as the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes and a number of consensus reports from professional groups, that propose ways forward for breastfeeding promotion. These point at a range of initiatives on different levels. The determinants for successful breastfeeding have to be identified. They can be categorised into five groups; socio-demographic, psycho-social, health care related, community- and policy attributes. A framework for future breastfeeding promoting efforts on European level is suggested, within which these determinants are considered. A common surveillance system needs to be built in Europe, where determinants of breastfeeding are included. There is also a need for a surveillance system which makes it possible to use the collected data on local level, not only on national and supranational level. Combined with a thorough review of the effectiveness of already existing breastfeeding promotion programmes, a co-ordinated EU-EFTA action plan on breastfeeding should be formulated and implemented within a few years. Urgent action could take place in parallel, especially targeting young, low-income, less educated mothers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 4, no 2B, 729-39 p.
Keyword [en]
Breastfeeding; Determinants; Disease prevention; Equity; Health policy; Health promotion; Infant feeding; Monitoring; Prevalence
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Public health; Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304970PubMedID: 11683569Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0034994574OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304970DiVA: diva2:1034279
Available from: 2015-01-11 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2017-11-29

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