ModifiComb: New proteomics tool for mapping substochiometric post-translational modifications, finding novel types of modifications and fingerprinting complex protein mixtures.
2006 (English)In: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, ISSN 1535-9476, E-ISSN 1535-9484, Vol. 5, no 5, 935-948 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A major challenge in proteomics is to fully identify and characterize the post-translational modification (PTM) patterns present at any given time in cells, tissues, and organisms. Here we present a fast and reliable method ("ModifiComb") for mapping hundreds types of PTMs at a time, including novel and unexpected PTMs. The high mass accuracy of Fourier transform mass spectrometry provides in many cases unique elemental composition of the PTM through the difference DeltaM between the molecular masses of the modified and unmodified peptides, whereas the retention time difference DeltaRT between their elution in reversed-phase liquid chromatography provides an additional dimension for PTM identification. Abundant sequence information obtained with complementary fragmentation techniques using ion-neutral collisions and electron capture often locates the modification to a single residue. The (DeltaM, DeltaRT) maps are representative of the proteome and its overall modification state and may be used for database-independent organism identification, comparative proteomic studies, and biomarker discovery. Examples of newly found modifications include +12.000 Da (+C atom) incorporation into proline residues of peptides from proline-rich proteins found in human saliva. This modification is hypothesized to increase the known activity of the peptide.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 5, no 5, 935-948 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-75517DOI: 10.1074/mcp.T500034-MCP200PubMedID: 16439352OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-75517DiVA: diva2:103428