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Fruit and vegetable consumption in a sample of 11-year-old children in ten European countries: the PRO GREENS cross-sectional survey
Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, NOVUM, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
Unit for Nutrition Research, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland .
EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands .
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway .
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2014 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 17, no 11, 2436-2444 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To describe fruit and vegetable intake of 11-year-old children in ten European countries and compare it with current dietary guidelines.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. Intake was assessed using a previously validated questionnaire containing a pre-coded 24 h recall and an FFQ which were completed in the classroom. Portion sizes were calculated using a standardized protocol.

SETTING: Surveys were performed in schools regionally selected in eight countries and nationally representative in two countries.

SUBJECTS: A total of 8158 children from 236 schools across Europe participating in the PRO GREENS project.

RESULTS: The total mean consumption of fruit and vegetables was between 220 and 345 g/d in the ten participating countries. Mean intakes did not reach the WHO population goal of ≥400 g/d in any of the participating countries. Girls had a significantly higher intake of total fruit and vegetables than boys in five of the countries (Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Bulgaria and Slovenia). Mean total fruit intake ranged between 114 and 240 g/d and vegetable intake between 73 and 141 g/d. When using the level ≥400 g/d as a cut-off, only 23·5 % (13·8-37·0 %) of the studied children, depending on country and gender, met the WHO recommendation (fruit juice excluded).

CONCLUSIONS: Fruit and vegetable consumption was below recommended levels among the schoolchildren in all countries and vegetable intake was lower than fruit intake. The survey shows that there is a need for promotional activities to improve fruit and vegetable consumption in this age group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 17, no 11, 2436-2444 p.
Keyword [en]
Fruit and vegetable consumption; Children; Europe
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Research subject
Nutrition; Culinary Arts and Meal Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304915DOI: 10.1017/S1368980014001347ISI: 000344544600007PubMedID: 25023091ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84911417006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304915DiVA: diva2:1034349

Funding Agencies:

European Commission

University of Iceland

Ax:son Johnson Foundation, Sweden

Available from: 2014-08-22 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2016-10-11

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Yngve, Agneta
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