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Predicting gender differences in liking for vegetables and preference for a variety of vegetables among 11-year-old children
Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.
Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7165-279X
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2015 (English)In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 95, 285-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We studied the factors that predict liking for vegetables and preference for a variety of vegetables among schoolchildren. Additionally, we examined if there were gender differences in the predictors that explain the hypothesized higher scores in liking vegetables and preferences among girls. The data from the PRO GREENS project included 424 Finnish children (response rate 77%) aged 11 to 12. The children completed validated measures about social and environmental factors related to their liking for vegetables and preferences both at baseline 2009 and follow-up 2010. The associations were examined with regression and mediation analyses. The strongest predictors of both girls' and boys' liking and preferences were higher levels of eating vegetables together with the family, previous vegetable intake and a lower level of perceived barriers. Liking was additionally predicted by a lower level of parental demand that their child should eat vegetables. Girls reported higher levels of liking and preferences in the follow-up. This gender difference was mainly explained by girls' lower level of perceived barriers related to vegetable intake and girls' higher previous vegetable intake. Interventions that aim to increase the low vegetable intake among boys by increasing their liking for vegetables and preference for a variety of vegetables could benefit from targeting perceived barriers, namely boys' perception and values concerning the consumption of vegetables.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academic Press , 2015. Vol. 95, 285-292 p.
Keyword [en]
Children; Gender; Liking; Preference for a variety of vegetables; Preferences; Vegetable intake
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition; Culinary Arts and Meal Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304906DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.07.020ISI: 000362917400035PubMedID: 26206174ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84939250510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304906DiVA: diva2:1034356

Funding Agencies:

European Commission 007324

Folkhälsan Research Center

Juho Vainio Foundation

Finnish Cultural Foundation

Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2016-10-11

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Yngve, Agneta
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