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Polyamines in foods: development of a food database
Karolinska Inst, Novum, Dept Biosci & Nutr, Unit Publ Hlth Nutr, SE-14183 Huddinge, Sweden; Akershus Univ Coll, Fac Hlth Nutr & Management, Lillestrom, Norway.
Karolinska Inst, Novum, Dept Biosci & Nutr, Unit Publ Hlth Nutr, SE-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Novum, Dept Biosci & Nutr, SE-14183 Huddinge, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci & Nutr, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7165-279X
2011 (English)In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 55, 5572- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Knowing the levels of polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) in different foods is of interest due to the association of these bioactive nutrients to health and diseases. There is a lack of relevant information on their contents in foods. Objective: To develop a food polyamine database from published data by which polyamine intake and food contribution to this intake can be estimated, and to determine the levels of polyamines in Swedish dairy products. Design: Extensive literature search and laboratory analysis of selected Swedish dairy products. Polyamine contents in foods were collected using an extensive literature search of databases. Polyamines in different types of Swedish dairy products (milk with different fat percentages, yogurt, cheeses, and sour milk) were determined using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) equipped with a UV detector. Results: Fruits and cheese were the highest sources of putrescine, while vegetables and meat products were found to be rich in spermidine and spermine, respectively. The content of polyamines in cheese varied considerably between studies. In analyzed Swedish dairy products, matured cheese had the highest total polyamine contents with values of 52.3, 1.2, and 2.6 mg/kg for putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, respectively. Low fat milk had higher putrescine and spermidine, 1.2 and 1.0 mg/kg, respectively, than the other types of milk. Conclusions: The database aids other researchers in their quest for information regarding polyamine intake from foods. Connecting the polyamine contents in food with the Swedish Food Database allows for estimation of polyamine contents per portion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 55, 5572- p.
Keyword [en]
putrescine, spermidine, spermine, polyamine contents, food polyamines
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Nutrition; Culinary Arts and Meal Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304843DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v55i0.5572ISI: 000208683700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304843DiVA: diva2:1034413
Available from: 2013-09-13 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2016-10-11

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Yngve, Agneta
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