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Plastic and evolutionary responses to heat stress in a temperate dung fly: negative correlation between basal and induced heat tolerance?
Univ Tartu, Inst Ecol & Earth Sci, Dept Zool, Tartu, Estonia.;Univ Zurich, Inst Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, Zurich, Switzerland..
Univ Zurich, Inst Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, Zurich, Switzerland..
Univ Zurich, Inst Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, Zurich, Switzerland.;Univ Reading, Sch Biol Sci, Reading, Berks, England..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology. Univ Zurich, Inst Evolutionary Biol & Environm Studies, Zurich, Switzerland.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Evolutionary Biology, ISSN 1010-061X, E-ISSN 1420-9101, Vol. 29, no 5, 900-915 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Extreme weather events such as heat waves are becoming more frequent and intense. Populations can cope with elevated heat stress by evolving higher basal heat tolerance (evolutionary response) and/or stronger induced heat tolerance (plastic response). However, there is ongoing debate about whether basal and induced heat tolerance are negatively correlated and whether adaptive potential in heat tolerance is sufficient under ongoing climate warming. To evaluate the evolutionary potential of basal and induced heat tolerance, we performed experimental evolution on a temperate source population of the dung fly Sepsis punctum. Offspring of flies adapted to three thermal selection regimes (Hot, Cold and Reference) were subjected to acute heat stress after having been exposed to either a hot-acclimation or non-acclimation pretreatment. As different traits may respond differently to temperature stress, several physiological and life history traits were assessed. Condition dependence of the response was evaluated by exposing juveniles to different levels of developmental (food restriction/rearing density) stress. Heat knockdown times were highest, whereas acclimation effects were lowest in the Hot selection regime, indicating a negative association between basal and induced heat tolerance. However, survival, adult longevity, fecundity and fertility did not show such a pattern. Acclimation had positive effects in heat-shocked flies, but in the absence of heat stress hot-acclimated flies had reduced life spans relative to non-acclimated ones, thereby revealing a potential cost of acclimation. Moreover, body size positively affected heat tolerance and unstressed individuals were less prone to heat stress than stressed flies, offering support for energetic costs associated with heat tolerance. Overall, our results indicate that heat tolerance of temperate insects can evolve under rising temperatures, but this response could be limited by a negative relationship between basal and induced thermotolerance, and may involve some but not other fitness-related traits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 29, no 5, 900-915 p.
Keyword [en]
adaptation, Drosophila, heat resistance, phenotypic plasticity, temperature-size rule
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-304538DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12832ISI: 000382498000003PubMedID: 26801318OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-304538DiVA: diva2:1034564
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-10-12 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2016-10-12Bibliographically approved

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