Sex-dependent gene expression in early brain development of chicken embryos
2006 (English)In: Neuroscience, ISSN 0306-4522, E-ISSN 1873-7544, Vol. 7, 12- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Differentiation of the brain during development leads to sexually dimorphic adult reproductive behavior and other neural sex dimorphisms. Genetic mechanisms independent of steroid hormones produced by the gonads have recently been suggested to partly explain these dimorphisms.
Using cDNA microarrays and real-time PCR we found gene expression differences between the male and female embryonic brain (or whole head) that may be independent of morphological differentiation of the gonads. Genes located on the sex chromosomes (ZZ in males and ZW in females) were common among the differentially expressed genes, several of which (WPKCI-8, HINT, MHM non-coding RNA) have previously been implicated in avian sex determination. A majority of the identified genes were more highly expressed in males. Three of these genes (CDK7, CCNH and BTF2-P44) encode subunits of the transcription factor IIH complex, indicating a role for this complex in neuronal differentiation.
In conclusion, this study provides novel insights into sexually dimorphic gene expression in the embryonic chicken brain and its possible involvement in sex differentiation of the nervous system in birds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 7, 12- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-75725DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-7-12PubMedID: 16480516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-75725DiVA: diva2:103636