Are non-agreeable individuals prejudiced?: Comparing different conceptualizations of agreeableness
2016 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 101, 153-159 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous research has documented associations between prejudice and agreeableness, as well as openness to experience, from the five-factor model (FFM). Still, empathy/altruism and narcissism/honesty-humility are related traits and also potent predictors of prejudice. Thus, we examined whether there is an association between prejudice and agreeableness, as a global trait, or if the correlations depend on facets that are part of the broader FM factor, but belong to other dimensions in the HEXACO model. We further analyzed how well the documented relations of agreeableness on prejudice hold up when entered alongside empathy/altruism and honesty-humility within the HEXACO framework. Results from Sweden and the United States showed that only FFM agreeableness, and not the HEXACO counterpart, correlates with an index of prejudice (racism and sexism). Furthermore, the negative relations of FFM agreeableness were absent or reversed in regression analyses with the other HEXACO predictors. Instead, we found negative effects of honesty-humility and empathy/altruism on prejudice. Thus, the effect of agreeableness on prejudice is directly contingent on its definition in relation to honesty-humility and empathy/altruism. In conclusion, we found little evidence of an association between a global agreeableness trait and prejudice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 101, 153-159 p.
Prejudice, HEXACO personality, Agreeableness, Five-factor model
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305327DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.05.052ISI: 000383003300025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-305327DiVA: diva2:1037363
FunderSwedish Research Council, 437-2014-231 2011-1891