Reactive Oxygen Species Affect Transglutaminase Activity and Regulate Hematopoiesis in a Crustacean
2016 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 291, no 34, 17593-17601 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) serve as a prime signal in the commitment to hematopoiesis in both mammals and Drosophila. In this study, the potential function of ROS during hematopoiesis in the crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus was examined. The antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was used to decrease ROS in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. An increase in ROS was observed in the anterior proliferation center (APC) after LPS injection. In the absence of NAC, the LPS-induced increase in ROS levels resulted in the rapid restoration of the circulating hemocyte number. In the presence of NAC, a delay in the recovery rate of the hemocyte number was observed. NAC treatment also blocked the spread of APC and other hematopoietic tissue (HPT) cells, maintaining these cells at an undifferentiated stage. Extracellular transglutaminase (TGase) has been shown previously to play a role in maintaining HPT cells in an undifferentiated form. In this study, we show that extracellular TGase activity increased when the ROS level in HPT or APC cells was reduced after NAC treatment. In addition, collagen, a major component of the extracellular matrix and a TGase substrate were co-localized on the HPT cell surface. Taken together, the results of this study show that ROS are involved in crayfish hematopoiesis, in which a low ROS level is required to maintain hematopoietic progenitor cells in the tissue and to reduce hemocyte release. The potential roles of TGase in this process are investigated and discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 291, no 34, 17593-17601 p.
extracellular matrix, hematopoiesis, invertebrate, reactive oxygen species (ROS), transglutaminase
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305568DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M116.741348ISI: 000383241300011PubMedID: 27339892OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-305568DiVA: diva2:1038601
FunderSwedish Research Council, VR 20114797, VR 621-2012-2418