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Declining female labor supply elasticities in the united states and implications for tax policy: Evidence from panel data
Fed Reserve Bank Dallas, Res Dept, Dallas, TX 75201 USA..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2016 (English)In: National tax journal, ISSN 0028-0283, E-ISSN 1944-7477, Vol. 69, no 3, 481-516 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent work has provided compelling evidence of a long-term decline in U.S. female labor supply elasticities with respect to wages and income. While previous work used cross-sectional data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), we reexamine the trend for married women using panel data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) from 1980 to 2006. We find evidence in support of a long-term decline in married females 'labor supply elasticities on the participation margin but less evidence in support of such a decline on the hours margin. We also investigate the implications of these results for the welfare effects of tax reforms. Policy simulations indicate that shrinking elasticities, mostly concentrated on the participation margin, have contributed to a dramatic decline in the welfare gains from actual and potential tax reforms since the 1980s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 69, no 3, 481-516 p.
Keyword [en]
female labor supply, taxes and labor supply
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-305530DOI: 10.17310/ntj.2016.3.01ISI: 000384035800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-305530DiVA: diva2:1040206
Available from: 2016-10-26 Created: 2016-10-19 Last updated: 2016-10-26Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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