uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey
Karlstad Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Karlstad, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. Karlstad Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Karlstad, Sweden..
Karlstad Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Karlstad, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Dermatol, Skane Univ Hosp, Malmo, Sweden..
2016 (English)In: Disability and Health Journal, ISSN 1936-6574, E-ISSN 1876-7583, Vol. 9, no 4, 663-672 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to be surrounded by different risk factors. In order to work preventively with decreasing ADHD and ASD symptoms, there is a need of more knowledge concerning risk factors. Objective: This study aimed to investigate school, health, lifestyle and social interactions association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among schoolchildren aged 6-17 years. Methods: Data for 18,416 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in the county of Varmland, Sweden, from the school year 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 were obtained from the Student Health Database, which includes information on health examinations by school nurses and self-reported information of mental and physical health, social relations, physical activity, and school conditions. Results: Of all participants, 2.4% reported only ADHD and 1.6% reported only ASD. The results confirmed that ADHD or ASD was significantly associated with worse school experiences, lower socioeconomic status, less physical activity, more substance use, weaker social network and more impairments than those without ADHD or ASD. Conclusions: Knowledge of risk or protective factors during school years is needed to develop interventions to reduce symptoms of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 9, no 4, 663-672 p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, ASD, School children, Population-based study
National Category
Pediatrics Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-306244DOI: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002ISI: 000384025800015PubMedID: 27343047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-306244DiVA: diva2:1040298
Available from: 2016-10-27 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2016-10-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Janson, Staffan
By organisation
In the same journal
Disability and Health Journal
PediatricsPublic Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 92 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link