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On the beneficial effect of Al2O3 front contact passivation in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
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2017 (English)In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, E-ISSN 1879-3398, Vol. 159, 189-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study reports on the beneficial effect of an absorber surface passivation by Al2O3 on the performance of Cu(In, Ga)Se-2 (CIGSe) solar cells. Here the Al2O3 layer is deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) subsequently to a CdS buffer layer. It is shown that a very thin film of about 1 nm efficiently reduces the interface recombination rate if the buffer layer is too thin to not fully cover the CIGSe absorber. An Al2O3 thickness of 1 nm is sufficiently low to allow current transport via tunneling. Increasing the thickness to > 1 nm leads to a detrimental blocking behavior due to an exponentially decreasing tunnel current. Losses in open circuit voltage (V-oc) and fill factor (FF) when reducing the buffer layer thickness are significantly mitigated by implementing an optimized Al2O3 layer. It is further shown, that the heat treatment during the ALD step results in an increase in short circuit current density (J(sc)) of about 2 mA/cm(2). This observation is attributed to a widening of the space charge region in the CIGSe layer that in turn improves the collection probability of electrons. For not fully covering CdS layers the decrease in interface defect density by the passivation contributes as well, leading to a gain of about 5 mA/cm2 for cells without a buffer. Finally, the leakage current of the solar cell devices could be reduced when applying the Al2O3 layer on insufficiently covering CdS films, which proves the capability of mitigating the effect of shunts or bad diodes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 159, 189-196 p.
Keyword [en]
CIGSe, Al2O3, Surface passivation, Atomic layer deposition, ALD
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-306879DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2016.09.019ISI: 000388053600022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-306879DiVA: diva2:1044563
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2012-004591VINNOVA, 2013-02199
Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2016-11-03 Last updated: 2017-01-26Bibliographically approved

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Keller, JanGustavsson, FredrikStolt, LarsEdoff, MarikaTörndahl, Tobias
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