Violent media exposure, aggression and CU traits in adolescence: Testing the selection and socialization hypotheses
2016 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 52, 95-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigated the role of exposure to violent action for later aggression and for later callous-unemotional traits in a sample of Swedish adolescents (N = 77-85), testing the selection and socialization hypotheses. Adolescents reported on violent delinquency and on callous-unemotional (CU) traits at age 15, on their media habits at age 16 and on reactive and proactive aggression and CU traits at age 18. The socialization hypothesis was supported with regard to aggression, that is, violent delinquency did not affect consumption of violent action, but controlling for violent delinquency, consumption of violent action added to proactive aggression and, marginally, to reactive aggression. The selection hypothesis was supported with regard to CU traits, that is, high levels of CU traits predicted frequent consumption of violent action, but consumption of violent action did not affect later levels of CU traits. Frequent violent media use was associated with later aggression. The associations between CU traits and violent media need further study.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 52, 95-102 p.
Violent media, Reactive aggression, Proactive aggression, CU traits, Adolescence, Longitudinal
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-306740DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.07.009ISI: 000384780700011PubMedID: 27521777OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-306740DiVA: diva2:1045509
FunderForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, FAS 2009-0167