Prognostic Importance of Sex-Specific Cardiac Troponin T 99(th) Percentiles in Suspected Acute Coronary Syndrome
2016 (English)In: American Journal of Medicine, ISSN 0002-9343, E-ISSN 1555-7162, Vol. 129, no 8, 880.e1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cardiac troponin levels differ between the sexes, with higher values commonly seen in men. The use of sex-specific troponin thresholds is, thus, subject of an ongoing debate. We assessed whether sex-specific cardiac troponin T (cTnT) 99th percentiles would improve risk prediction in patients admitted to Swedish coronary care units due to suspected acute coronary syndrome.
In this retrospective register-based study (48,250 patients), we investigated the prediction of all-cause mortality and the composite of cardiovascular death or nonfatal myocardial infarction within 1 year using the single 99th cTnT percentile (>14 ng/L) or sex-specific cTnT 99th percentiles (>16/9 ng/L).
A total of 1078 men (3.0%) with cTnT 15-16 ng/L and 1854 women (8.4%) with cTnT 10-14 ng/L would have been reclassified regarding their cTnT status by the means of sex-specific 99th percentiles. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and crude event rates increased across higher cTnT strata in both men and women. Multivariable-adjusted Cox models, however, did not demonstrate better risk prediction by sex-specific 99th percentiles. Assessing cTnT as a continuous variable demonstrated an increase in multivariable-adjusted risk starting at levels around 10-12 ng/L in both men and women.
We found no evidence supporting the use of sex-specific cTnT 99th percentiles in men and women admitted because of suspected acute coronary syndrome. This likely depends on sex-specific differences in disease mechanisms associated with small cTnT elevations. From a pragmatic perspective, a single cTnT cutoff slightly below 14 ng/L seems to be preferable as a threshold for medical decision-making.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 129, no 8, 880.e1
Acute coronary syndrome; Cardiac troponin; Cutoff; Risk prediction; Sex
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Research subject Cardiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307337DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2016.02.047ISI: 000380253000048PubMedID: 27059383OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-307337DiVA: diva2:1046221
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research