Effect of temperature and magnetic field on two-flavor superconducting quark matter
2016 (English)In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D, ISSN 2470-0010, Vol. 94, no 7, 074016Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigate the effect of turning on temperature for the charge neutral phase of two-flavor color superconducting (2SC) dense quark matter in the presence of constant external magnetic field. Within the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, by tuning the diquark coupling strength, we study the interdependent evolution of the quark Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer gap and dynamical mass as functions of temperature and magnetic field. We find that magnetic field B greater than or similar to 0.02 GeV2 (10(18) G) leads to anomalous temperature behavior of the gap in the gapless 2SC phase (moderately strong coupling), reminiscent of previous results in the literature found in the limit of weak coupling without magnetic field. The 2SC gap in the strong coupling regime is abruptly quenched at ultrahigh magnetic field due to the mismatched Fermi surfaces of up and down quarks imposed by charge neutrality and oscillation of the gap due to Landau level quantization. The dynamical quark mass also displays strong oscillation and magnetic catalysis at high magnetic field, although the latter effect is tempered by nonzero temperature. We discuss the implications for newly born compact stars with superconducting quark cores.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 94, no 7, 074016
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307549DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.94.074016ISI: 000385631800005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-307549DiVA: diva2:1047201
FunderCarl Tryggers foundation , CTS-14:206Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-5107