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Solubility of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) in Sodium Ion Batteries
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8019-2801
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2538-8104
2016 (English)In: ACS Energy Letters, ISSN 2380-8195, Vol. 1, 1173-1178 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is often stated that formation of a functional solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) in sodium ion batteries is hampered by the higher solubility of SEI components such as sodium salts in comparison to the lithium analogues. In order to investigate these phenomena, SEI formation and functionality, as well as cell self-discharge, are studied for the sodium ion system with comparative experiments on the equivalent lithium ion system. By conducting a set of experiments on carbonaceous anodes, the impact of SEI dissolution is tested. The results show that the SEI layer in sodium ion cells is inferior to that in lithium ion counterparts with regards to self-discharge; sodium cells show a loss in capacity at a dramatic rate as compared to the lithium counterparts when they are stored at sodiated and lithiated states, respectively, for a long time with no external applied current or potential. Also, synchrotron-based hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements indicate that the major factor leading to increased self-discharge is dissolution of significant parts of the sodium-based SEI. Furthermore, the influence of fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) electrolyte additive on self-discharge is tested as part of the work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016. Vol. 1, 1173-1178 p.
Keyword [en]
batteries, sodium, interphase, self-discharge
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry Physical Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Chemistry with specialization in Physical Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307681DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00491OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-307681DiVA: diva2:1047953
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 40468-1
Available from: 2016-11-19 Created: 2016-11-19 Last updated: 2016-12-05

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