Detection of genomic DNA of the crayfish plague fungus Aphanomyces astaci (Oomycete) in clinical samples by PCR.
Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Physiology and Developmental Biology2004 (English)In: Veterinary Microbiology, ISSN 0378-1135, Vol. 100, no 3-4, 269-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A diagnostic procedure, based on a polymerase chain reaction method (PCR) was developed to detect infection of crayfish with the Oomycete Aphanomyces astaci. A set of oligonucleotide primers was designed to specifically amplify A. astaci DNA in the ITS region surrounding the 5.8S rDNA gene. The PCR amplifies a 115 bp amplicon. The specificity of the primers was demonstrated by testing on 27 A. astaci strains and against 20 non-A. astaci Oomycetes and 5 fungal species. Most of the non-A. astaci Oomycete or fungal species included in the study are either known parasites of freshwater crayfish cuticle or can be found in their natural environment. Specificity was also tested against crayfish tissue and some known parasites and bacteria infecting crayfish.A protocol for the extraction of A. astaci DNA from infected crayfish tissue was developed. The optimised method allows the detection of two genome equivalents of purified A. astaci genomic DNA.The method was tested on noble crayfish (Astacus astacus), artificially infected with A. astaci. Detection of A. astaci was possible at the very first time of sampling, which was 2 days after the beginning of spore exposure
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 100, no 3-4, 269-82 p.
PCR, Crayfish plague, Aphanomyces astaci, ITS region
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77030DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2004.01.019PubMedID: 15145505OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-77030DiVA: diva2:104942